The nine ways to perform bhakti in devotion to the Supreme Lord Krishna:

1) sravanam - hearing about Lord Krishna

2) kirtanam - glorifying Lord Krishna

3) smaranam - remembering Lord Krishna

4) pada-sevanam - attending at the feet of Lord Krishna

5) arcanam - worshipping Lord Krishna

6) vandanam - praying to Lord Krishna

7) dasyam - becoming a servitor to Lord Krishna

8) sakhyam - becoming a dear friend to Lord Krishna

9) atma-nivedanam - fully surrendering unto Lord Krishna

You need to be a member of ISKCON Desire Tree | IDT to add comments!

Join ISKCON Desire Tree | IDT

Email me when people reply –


  • Hare Krsna

    One's sincere endeavor to perform these nine processes of devotional service is called bhakti.

    Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura gives the following explanation in his Tathya. The word sravana refers to the holy name and descriptions of the Lord's form, qualities, entourage and pastimes as explained in Srimad Bhagavatam, Bhagavad Gita and similar authorized scriptures.

    After aurally receiving such messages, one should memorize these vibrations and repeat them (kirtanam).

    Smaranam means trying to understand more and more about the Supreme Lord.

    Pada-sevanam means engaging oneself in serving the lotus feet of the Lord according to time and circumstances.

    Arcanam means worshipping Lord Visnu as one does in the temple.

    Vandanam means offering respectful obeisances. Man-mana bhava mad-bhakto mad-yaji mam namaskuru. Vandanam means namaskuru-offering obeisances or offering prayers.

    Thinking oneself to be nitya-krsna-dasa, everlastingly a servant of Krsna,is called dasyam.

    Sakhyam means being a well wisher of Krsna, Krsna wants everyone to surrender unto Him because constitutionally everyone is His servant. Therefore, as a sincere friend of Krsna, one should preach this philosophy, requesting everyone to surrender unto Krsna.

    Atma nivedanam means offering Krsna everything, including one's body, mind, intelligence and whatever one may possess.

This reply was deleted.