BHAGVAT HISTORY, PHILOSOPHY AND BHAGVAT (KRISHNA) BHAKTIBy Veerendra EkboteIn the above mentioned chart and the subject matter of this article I want to prove that Bhagvat History is the root or foundation to unravel the secrets and mysteries of the advanced culture and civilization of ancient Vedic India and the past of our country namely AryaBharat before outer influences started to assimilate in Indian culture or overpower and convert the followers of Sanatan Arya Vedic Varnashram Dharma after the decline of Gupta period in 5th cent AD. The land route invaders who invaded AryaBharat from NorthWest through the Khyber and Bolan pass after crossing the Hindukush mountains called our land as Hindustan or the land of Hindus or people settling towards the east of the river Sindhu and finally the sea route invaders namely the Europeans who again called our land as India originating from the same Indus river.The Gupta period is considered the golden period in Hindu history. It was during the Gupta period that most of the 18 Puranas chief among them SrimadBhagvat Purana was finally compiled and written in classical Sanskrit by the followers or worshippers of Lord Krishna and the worshippers of many Vishnu incarnations like Rama, Narsimha, Parshuram etc, namely the Vaishnav schools of thought to promote Bhagvat Dharma throughout India which was first recited by Shukadeo Goswami to King Parikshit at Naimisharanya in the assembly of sages prior to the Gupta period some 3715 years ago at the start of Kaliyuga or at the beginning of the Latter Vedic age. At present we are staying in Yugabdha 5115 Kaliyuga year and the glorious Gupta dynasty ruled India 1400 years prior to our 21st century. Similarly it was during the Gupta period that the 72 classical Puranic literatures were finally written, compiled and spread amongst the masses when the Puranics rose to prominence after the disappearance of Krishna avatar in 3075 BC at the beginning of Kaliyuga during the Latter Vedic age to spread devotion and faith amongst the common masses. The Puranics believed more in temple or deity worship and people from all the 4 social and life orders in Varnashram Dharma could participate and worship the deity with devotion in temples irrespective of their social orders and also in their homes by establishing a deity altar for worship. However, the Bramhins, the priestly class due to their knowledge in Vedic rituals and purity were ordained by the Vedic Shastras, especially the Agama sutras to officiate as pujaris (chief worshippers in the temples) for worshipping a particular deity for eg. in Narada Pancharatra which is considered a standard Agama literature in Vaishnavism, rules and regulations of doing deity and temple worship is given for worshipping Lord Vishnu or Krishna. The Puranics did not lay stress upon the ritualistic Vedic worship of chanting mantras that needed the presence of well-qualified priests (Bramhins) for officiating the elaborate fire sacrifices as like the Vedics. However, both the Puranics and Vedics challenged the atheistic philosophies of Kapila, Charvaka and the anti-Vedic movements like Jainism and Buddhism that originated or rebelled against the Vedic religion in the Latter Vedic age.Thus during the Latter Vedic age which started after the Mahabharat War in 3105 BC until the Gupta period in 5th cent AD there were 2 types of followers in Sanatan Vedic Dharma, one who adhered to the Vedic knowledges and literatures and followed the Bramhinical culture were called the Vedics which followed the Vedic path of fire sacrifices that needed the presence of priests or well qualified Bramhins and the second who were more secular in their approach were called the Puranics which stressed more upon deity worship with devotion and faith and constructed temples for the respective devotees of Krishna and its Vishnu incarnations, Shiva, Ganesh, Skanda and Shakti (feminine deities) and gave less importance to Vedic fire sacrifices and Vedic gods such as Indra, Agni, Vayu, Aditya etc.The Puranics gave birth to modern Hinduism who considered the supreme truth in its 3 aspects as Bramha the creator of the universe, Vishnu as the preserver or sustainer of the universe and Shiva as the destroyer or annihilator of the universe and the stories associated with them along with the feminine deities (Shakti). The Puranics considered the 33 crore Vedic gods such as Indra, Vayu, Agni, Surya as administrative demigods maintaining the cosmic creation under the directions of the 3 principal Gods namely Bramha, Vishnu and Shiva and also considered them as parts and parcels of one supreme God who is omnipotent, omnipresent and all-pervading and cause of all causes. The Upanishads including the Bhagvad-Gita himself spoken by the Supreme Bhagvan Krishna confirms this statement. The 4 Vedas and the 18 puranas confirms this fact that during the previous 3 ages people use to worship the Supreme God in the form of penance during Satyayuga, Vedic fire sacrifices during Tretayuga and Deity worship (Sakar, Saguna form) during Dwaparyuga. Thus at the beginning of Kaliyuga there were 2 types of followers in the Vedic religion the Vedics observed Vedic fire sacrifices in their daily worship and the Puranics observed deity worship in their daily worship. However, the puranics laid more stress on devotional service. Agni Purana, Vayu Purana were the names of some of the principal puranas dedicated to Vedic gods. However, most of the 72 Puranas gave more importance to stories associated with the various Gods and Goddesses chief being Vishnu, Krishna, Shiva, Bramha, Skanda, and the feminine deities and attracted large number of devotees or followers to them giving birth to 3 prominent sects in present day Hinduism or Sanatan Dharma namely Vaishnavism, Shaivism and Shaktism.Latter Vedic age was a period in ancient Indian history that started after the Mahabharat War which occurred in BC 3105 until the glorious Gupta period during the 3rd to 5th cent AD. It was also the time when the Puranics composed or wrote 72 Puranic literatures in all based on the category of 18 Mahapuranas, 18 Upamahapuranas, 18 Puranas and 18 Upapuranas. Sage Vedvyas first wrote SrimadBhagvatam Mahapuran dedicated to Lord Krishna and its Vishnu incarnations to promote Vaishnavism or Krishna Bhakti on the orders of his spiritual master Narada Muni and transmitted on to his son Shukadeo Goswami and then it was recited by Suta goswami at Naimisharanya on the banks of the river Ganga when Parikshit was about to be killed by the serpent Naga king Takshaka.Vaishnavism flourished and spread during the period of 16 Mahajanapadas (kingdoms) which ruled India after the disintegration of Pandava Empire under the last Kuru ruler Janmejaya till the invasion of the Greeks under Alexander over the borders of north-west India in 326 BC. The Greeks were defeated and stopped from further advancing by the Mauryan Empire which was established in 3rd cent. BC by Chandragupta who was helped by Chanakya the author of the famous treatise (Arthashastra – law of governance) in overthrowing the Nanda Empire.However, prior to the existence of the 16 Mahajanpadas (kingdoms) when northern India faced severe drought during the desertification of Saraswati river Valley between BC 3000 to BC 2500 the civilized Indic Aryans were forced to settle or migrate to other parts of the world and settled in Persia, West Asia, Asia Minor, and Europe and spread Sanatan dharma to South-east Asia, Central Asia, Tibet and settled as far as Japan. It was due to the spread of Indic Aryans that Vedic culture once again spread to many parts of the globe after the disastrous Mahabharat war in which many civilized Aryan kings, clan-chiefs and emperors who assembled in the battlefield of Kurukshetra in 3105 BC from all the known Aryan lands of settlement throughout the world were wiped out and Vedic culture suffered a serious setback and many new Aryan kings, clans, emperors found their new dynasties in the present Kaliyuga because of there isolation with the Vedic culture and civilization of India from where it had spread in the previous 3 ages namely Satya, Treta and Dwapar and completely forgot their relationship with Indian Subcontinent and Sanatan Dharma or the religion followed by their Vedic ancestors which they followed until the Mahabharat War. However, once again at the start of Kaliyuga, some Aryan clans like the Kurus, Yadus and the rebellious Nagas after the Mahabharat War left the borders of India, overpowered the weaker kings in those lands and became the rulers of Central Asia, Persia, Middle east, Asia Minor and finally some Indo-European settlements that spread all over the Mediterranean like the Greeks, Trojans, Phoenicians and other Hellenics were civilized by the Aryan migrations which occurred from 3000 BC onwards to these lands from northern India. Hence the languages of Europe, Persia, Central Asia, Indian Subcontinent and the languages spoken in South east Asia as far as the islands of Indonesia are all influenced from Vedic or Classical Sanskrit – the language of the original Indic Aryans and have borrowed words, share grammatical sentence formation structure or such type of linguistic identities from their mother language- Sanskrit spoken in the previous 3 ages by Vedic Aryans which is the religious, spiritual and literary language of Sanatan Dharma.Thus there were many Indic Aryan migrations from India after the Mahabharat War and the desertification of Saraswati river valley during BC 3000 to BC 2500 completely denies the British colonial influenced, created and postulated Aryan invasion theory which was given confirmation and spread amongst the Indian masses by the Western Indologists and academicians like Lord Macaulay, Max Mueller from 18th cent onwards and we as Indians are still learning the false Aryan invasion theory in our educational institutes till the present time without challenging it is really shameful and embarrassing for the very existence of our past culture and civilization and we should negate the Aryan invasion theory by proofs, arguments and logic and completely defeat the mindset of those people - Indians and westerners alike who believe and support the British Raj created Aryan invasion theory in which they called the civilized Vedic Aryans as nomadic invaders on India. Infact, the original civilized Aryans of India conceived Sanatan Vedic Varnashram dharma during Satyayuga and eventually it was from India that the Vedic Aryans spread Vedic civilization elsewhere in the world. The Aryan invasion theory was purposely conceived by the British colonial western power who had no knowledge of Vedic and Puranic scriptures and created this wrong, illogical and false Aryan invasion theory to create delusion in the minds of Indians and inundate Indians and their minds with western knowledges, cultural values and civilization and who considered all Indian knowledges as mythological or studied them for the matter of religious conversion to Christianity. On the contrary, the Indus Valley civilization suffered due to incessant flooding or due to the geographical and climatic changes that occurred in northern India due to the complete desertification of Saraswati river basin which is called the birthplace of many Vedic literatures and is mentioned in Rigveda and Yajurveda many times along with Ganga and its tributaries which flowed eastwards on north Indian plains.Thus the Indus valley civilization was never attacked by the Aryan invaders from the north-west nor there was any time-gap between the demise of Indus valley culture and the invading Aryan nomadic tribes who came from the area around the Caucasus mountains located in Southern Russian steppes near the Black Sea which started the beginning of the Vedic period in ancient Indian history from 2500 BC onwards and the creation of Vedic literatures from then on till the subsequent Epic and Upanishadic period which followed in 1000 BC until the advent of Buddha in 6th cent BC as is postulated by the cunning Western indologists during the British rule period to undermine the greatness of Vedic culture and civilization.The real history is due to the desertification of Saraswati river valley between 3000 BC – 2500 BC which was spread over a huge area of the modern day Indian states of Haryana, western Rajasthan, Kutch and some parts of modern day Punjab west of river Sutlej and in Sindh province west of river Sindhu (Indus) of modern day Pakistan completely dried up and transformed into the present day Thar desert. The original Vedic Indic Aryans were not invaders from any foreign land like Europe or near the Black sea as is postulated in the Aryan invasion theory and as a matter of fact were the settlers on the agriculturally rich land of the mighty Vedic Saraswati river which helped in flowering and sustaining the original Vedic civilization from the start of Satyayuga until its demise in the beginning of the present Kaliyuga. Almost parallel to it was another mighty Vedic river namely Sindhu (Indus) and its other tributaries like Sutlej, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas from whom Indus Valley civilization or the land of seven rivers (Saptasindhu) has been derived. The Indus river although flowing westwards in the Arabian sea had to bear geographical, climatic and topographical consequences due to the desertification of its sister river namely Saraswati and the whole Indus valley or Saraswati river valley civilization was affected by this natural catastrophe which also eventually affected its settlers namely Vedic Indic Aryans.Harappan civilization or upper Indus valley (Punjab) remained unaffected but suffered serious setbacks towards the end period of the demise of Indus valley civilization in BC 2500 and soon many people migrated from Punjab either to northern India, Kashmir, Gandhar (Afghanistan) and went as far as Central Asia or settled in Persia, West Asia, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor and the Meditteranean world in Europe and shared their cultural ideas and assimilated with the settlers of these lands and thus Vedic culture and civilization spread to these lands.However, the Indus valley civilization in Sindh suffered a major setback due to the desertification of Saraswati river valley as the Saraswati river basin completely dried immediately after the Mahabharat War after the disappearance of Lord Krishna and it is described in the epic Mahabharat that many Saraswatas or the settlers on the banks of the river Saraswati migrated throughout the Indian subcontinent from Kashmir to Bengal and Rajasthan to Tamil Nadu. Present day Indian castes such as Gaud Saraswat Bramhins of Bengal and of the western coast of India, Kashmiri Saraswats, other Saraswat Bramhins, Chettiyar of Tamil Nadu trace their lineage from the ancestors of Saraswati river valley. All these major events such as the mass migrations of Indic Aryans occurred in ancient Indian history during Latter Vedic age due to the desertification of the most important Vedic river namely Saraswati in the Indus river valley basin and it also completely changed the geography and the climatic condition of northern India and affected the lives of the settlers in northern India at that time.Vaishnavism faced bitter competition by some atheistic philosophers like Kapila, Charvaka and their disciples and also by the missionary activities done by 24 Tirthankars in Jainism and by Lord Buddha, who appeared in 6th cent BC, though regarded as the 9th incarnation of Vishnu purposely propagated a voidistic and nihilistic philosophy amongst the masses and attracted many people from all the Varnas in the Vedic religion and roamed northern India and spread his teachings by establishing sangha or disciples. His disciples (sangha) spread Buddhism under Hinayana and Mahayana sects throughout India and also to foreign lands under Emperor Ashoka during Maurya rule in 2nd cent BC and also received royal patronage from emperor Ashoka in propagating Buddhism as he established Buddhist schools and monasteries (Viharas), Chaityas (places of worship). The Vedic religion under the Vedics and Puranics however could withstand the Buddhist onslaught and propaganda until the invasion of the Huns from 5th cent. onwards until the 7th cent when eventually Buddhism became less popular amongst the masses and totally vanished from India when the Advaitas (monotheistic followers under Shankaracharya) converted many Buddhists once again to Vedic religion based on monotheistic Vedic logic and argument in the 8th cent AD. The Advaitas under Shankarcharya established 4 mathas (monasteries) to propagate and protect Vedic religion. Eventually many Advaitas or followers of Shankara were further converted to Vaishnavism during the Bhakti movement between the 11th to 16th cent AD under the 4 bonafide Vaishnav sects which is mentioned below in this article.The 18 Mahapuranas were written until the Gupta period of which 6 are dedicated to Lord Vishnu, 6 are dedicated to Lord Shiva and 6 are dedicated to Lord Bramha. The glorious Gupta period was also the end of the Latter Vedic age period and slowly Sanskrit ceased to be the language of the common person from 7th century onwards and was only confined within the realms of intellectual and scholarly class (Bramhins and their gurukuls) who could understand and impart Vedic and Puranic knowleges as they knew Sanskrit language and grammar. Students use to learn in the universities of Nalanda, Takshashila, Paithan, Kashi, Kanchi, Ujjain which were considered as Sanskrit and Buddhist seats of learning education as Buddhism had a large number of following until the 8th cent AD along with the followers of Sanatan Dharma (Hinduism) and Jainism.The foundation stone of modern Hinduism was thus in the Latter Vedic age during the Puranic period which began with the start of Kaliyuga or after the Mahabharat War and the disappearance of Bhagvan ShriKrishna to his heavenly abode after he performed his earthly Leelas (pastimes) for 125 years. Lord Krishna appeared towards the end of 28th Mahayuga’s Dwaparyuga in 7th Vivasvan Manvantar (Epoch). SrimadBhagvatam was written after the disappearance of Lord Krishna by Sage Vedvyas who was himself present during Lord Krishna’s time on the material world and is considered as the literary incarnation of Bhagvan Krishna some 5115 years ago. Sage Vedvyas is also responsible for dividing the Vedic literatures into 4 divisions namely Rig, Yajur, Sama and Atharva and passed the various branches of Vedic literatures on to his disciples namely Vaishampayana, Yadnyavalkya, Jaimini, Sumanta, Paila, Romaharshana, Suta and Shukadeo Goswami.SrimadBhagvat Purana is a philosophical and enlightening discussion between Parikshit Maharaj and Shukadeo Goswami who describes the activities of the Supreme Lord, the description of spiritual and the material world, why the supreme Lord creates this illusory material world for the jivatmas and also appears in many incarnations to deliver them and destroy the miscreants, principles of devotional service and the ways to reach the supreme destination (Spiritual world) for every living entity. It contains the history of the entire cosmic creation and describes the various Vishnu incarnations that occurred from the beginning of Bramha’s day (Kalpa) in which the various Manvantar epochs rule over the earthly planet, the various dynasties that rule over the earthly planet in the various Yugas (ages) therein and describes the exemplary life of the various devotees of the Supreme Lord and gives more importance on Bhagvat Bhakti or devotional service unto the Supreme Lord Bhagvan Vishnu or Krishna by giving descriptions of the devotees of the Supreme Lord and from the exemplary life of the various Vishnu incarnations that occured including Bhagvan Krishna who incarnated himself on mother earth to destroy irreligion and establish the principles of Dharma, high human values, ideals and ethics. SrimadBhagvatam inspires devotees to follow in the footsteps of the great devotees of the Supreme Lord and also by the activities and the message given to us by the Supreme Lord who once again established the real principles of religion and devotion in human society in the form of SrimadBhagvat Purana so that we can gain liberation from material existence by the supreme Lord’s mercy by doing devotional service and attain our supreme destination by going home back to spiritual world (Vaikuntha).Thus Vaishnavism is a prominent sect in Sanatan Dharma which had its origin during the Latter Vedic age after the disappearance of Lord Krishna at the start of Kaliyuga some 5115 years ago and modern day Hinduism had its roots during the glorious Gupta period because it is considered as the end of the Latter Vedic age. A new movement known as Bhagvat Dharma started in Sanatan Dharma to propagate Vaishnavism amongst the common masses that stressed upon devotional service to Krishna or Vishnu during the Gupta period based upon the teachings of Lord Krishna in Bhagvad Gita and SrimadBhagvatam written by Vedvyas. After the decline of the glorious Guptas in northern India Vaishnavism spread rapidly throughout India and was given royal protection by the various Hindu Rajput dynasties. The Rajputs or Kshatriyas of Northern India such as Gujjar Pratiharas, Chandelas, Tomars, Chauhans had their roots in the various ruling dynasties of northern India after the fall of the glorious Guptas owing to their assimilation with the various invading Huna clans that invaded India from Central Asia from 5th century onwards and got assimilated in Hindu culture. Thus the Rajput chieftains were an assimilation of the defeated Gupta dynasty kings after the fall of Harsha’s Empire in 6th century AD and the invading Huna clans which got assimilated in Hindu culture which preferred Hinduism rather then Buddhism and called themselves Kshatriyas from 8th century onwards after the decline of Buddhism in northern India. Vaishnavism also spread to east India under the Pala, Sena and Ganga dynasties that ruled Bengal, Bihar and Orrisa.However, Bhagvat Dharma, philosophy and Bhakti movement received royal patronage the most in Southern India during the rule of Chalukya, Rashtrakuta, Pallava, Chola, Hoyashala, Kakatiya, Pandya and Yadava dynasties between 6th century to 13th century AD which assisted in building huge temple complexes and giving further boost to devotional service before the invasion of Islam to Southern India prior to the 13th century. They not only gave royal patronage to Vaishnavas but also gave royal patronage and constructed temples dedicated to the followers of the other 2 main sects in Hinduism namely Shaivism – worshippers of Shiva, Lingam and associate demigods namely Ganesha, Skanda and Shaktism – worshippers of Durga, Kali and feminine deities.Bhakti movement in Vaishnavism began in Southern India during the rule of Pallava dynasty in Tamil Nadu by the 11 Alwar saints who appeared from 5th century onwards in succession until the Chola dynastic rulers of 9th century. The precise period of the Alvars has been an object of controversy; but we can also suspect that many of these mystic poets lived in different times. Medieval India experienced a cultural renaissance under the Bhakti sampradaya which was propagated by 4 Vaishnav bonafide sects from 11th century onwards until the 16th century and protected Hindu culture and civilization from Islamic conversions and reduced the tensions between the various castes in the Hindu fold until the advent of Europeans and the subsequent British conquering of the Indian Sub-continent in the 18th century.The 4 bonafide Vaishnav sects have a large number of followers even in the 21st century including the Gaudiya Vaishnavism branch of Bramha Madhva sampradaya which was established on the teachings of ShriChaitanya Mahaprabhu (incarnation of Krishna in the form of devotee) who appeared in Bengal province some 500 years ago and established the Achintyabhedabheda philosophy based on Vedanta sutra of Vedvyas. His disciples - the 6 Goswamis of Vrindavan made Krishna Bhakti popular amongst the masses especially in northern and eastern India.The 4 bonafide Vaishnav sects are based on the theistic Vedanta philosophy of VedVyasa and are opposed to the monotheistic philosophy of Advaita Shankaracharya and are known as Sri sampradaya of Ramanuja who established Vishistadvaita philosophy in the 11th century and spread Vishnu Bhakti in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and till this date the deity worship is being followed by the successors of Ramanuja in Tirupati, Srirangam and elsewhere throughout the world, Madhvacharya who appeared in Udipi, Karnataka in the 12th century is the founder of Madhva sampradaya, established Dwaita philosophy and spread Krishna Bhakti amongst the masses. His successors especially spread it to Karnataka, Kerala and Maharashtra. In Maharashtra the worshippers of Vitthala (Krishna) are known as Warkari sampradaya. Warkari sect though being different from the Madhva sect is very much similar in philosophy and is a Vaishnav sect that has its origin and trace its lineage from the spread of Bhakti movement done by the 12th century saint Dnyneshwar who was an incarnation of Lord Krishna himself and wrote Dnyaneshwari (commentary on Bhagvad Gita in Marathi) when Madhvacharya was present in Karnataka. Since then Warkari sect made great contributions in spreading Vaishnavism and protecting Sanatan dharma in Maharashtra under tyrannical Islamic rule of religious conversion and had a succession of saints such as Eknath, saints from the 18 chief castes of Maharashtra and finally saint Tukaram in the 16th cent. Saint Tukaram was contemporary to Shivaji, the founder ruler of the Hindu Maratha kingdom who established Hindavi Swaraj in AD 1672. During this period of 4 centuries, Maharashtra was being ruled by Islamic rulers after the defeat of Yadavas of Deogiri by the Delhi Sultanate towards the end of 12th cent. The other 2 bonafide Vaishnav sects being Vishnuswami’s Rudra sampradaya who appeared in the Pandya kingdom during 10th century and established the Shuddhadwaita philosophy and the 4th prominent Vaishnav sect being Nimbarkacharya’s Kumar sampradaya who established the philosophy of Dwaitadwaita in South India. Kumar sampradaya in north India is known as Vallabh sect based on the teachings of Vallabhacharya and has a large number of adherents in western Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan and worship Lord Krishna as Srinathji.Here at this juncture I would like to elaborate on all the events that occurred during the previous ages prior to the Mahabharata war which occurred on 18th Dec 3105 BC towards the end of Dwaparyuga.Vedic Indic Bhagvat history began from Swayambhuva Manu epoch at the beginning of the present day (Kalpa) of Lord Bramha known as Shwetavaraha Kalpa some 2 billion years ago when mother earth began to sustain lifeforms along with the civilized Vedic Aryans who were the descendants of the 7 sages, and were assisted by the various 33 crore demigods, Prajapatis and Manu in increasing the population of Aryan civilization on the earthly planet after the dissolution of the previous creation or Bramha’s day (Kalpa) in which the Asuras, Rakshashas (impious and uncivilized miscreants) where defeated and destroyed by Lord Vishnu and the whole creation including the earthly planets were inundated by the waters of the Garbhodak Sagar thus destroying the evil Rakshahas and Asuras and ending the previous day (Kalpa) of Bramha that consisted of 14 manu Epochs like we have in this present Kalpa. The creation of the present Kalpa began under the direction of the 3 principal Gods namely Bramha, Vishnu and Mahesh maintaining the cosmic cycle of creation, preservation or sustenance and annihilation respectively. The cosmic annihilation that occurs towards the end of Bramha’s Kalpa or day is revealed to sage Markandeya by Lord Shiva and is mentioned in SrimadBhagvatam’s 12th Canto.Vedic civilization takes birth always in Northern India on the banks of the river Saraswati, Indus, Ganga and its tributaries at the start of Bramha’s day (Kalpa), Manu Epoch and at the start of every Mahayuga’s Satyayuga which is conceived by the 7 sages namely Atri, Agastya, Bhrugu, Vashistha, Pulastya, Pulaha and Angiras and the Vedic literatures are further imparted in disciplic succession by sages like Gautama, Kapila, Kashyapa, Kardama, Vishvamitra, Kanva, Bharadvaja, Jamadagni and many others during Satyayuga. Manu rules over the earthly planet from northern India and the present 7th Vivasvan Manu in the present day of Bramha (Varaha Kalpa) is the son of Sun-god and hence his dynasty is known as Solar dynasty or Suryavamsha. The present Vivasvan Manvantar(Epoch) started its reign on the earthly planet some 120533115 years ago and already 27 Mahayugas’ have passed and at present 28th Mahayuga is prevailing.A Mahayuga consists of a cycle of 4 yugas namely Satyayuga which lasts for 1728000 earthly years, followed by Treta that lasts for 1296000 earthly, followed by Dwaparyuga of 864000 years and Kaliyuga that lasts for 432000 years. The predominant dynasty ruling the earthly planet during Tretayuga is known as Raghuvamsha dynasty since the illustrious Emperor Raghu appeared in this dynasty which traced its lineage from Solar dynasty. This solar dynasty or Raghuvamsha dynasty was born from Lord Bramha. Lord Brahma created 10 prajapatis -- one of whom was Marichi. Kashyapa is the son of Marichi and Kala. Kashyapa is regarded as the father of humanity. During the previous Manvantars namely Swayambhuva, Swarochisa, Uttam, Raivata, Tamasa and Chakshusha Kashyapa and his two wives Diti and Aditi gave birth to demons, demigods and Garuda – the carrier of Lord Vishnu, from Kadru the Nagas or serpents took birth. Lord Vishnu appeared as Matsya incarnation during Swayambhuva Manvantar, sage Atri and Anusuya pleased Lord Vishnu and the 3 principal Gods took birth in the form of Lord Dattatreya as Soma, Vishnu and Durvasa respectively in the womb of Anusuya. Lord Kapila also incarnated during Swayambhuva Manvantar.During the next Swarochisha Manvantar of 300 million earthly years the Demigods and the Demons fought over the control for the nectarean potion (Amrut) and used the inundated waters created by Lord Bramha to extract nectar by performing Samudra Manthan. The emergence of poison and the creation of Moon planet some 1.7 billion years ago from the earth, 14 divine objects and finally Lord Dhanvantari appeared with the pot of Amrut holding in his hands. Lord Vishnu assisted both the demons and demigods by incarnating as Kurma avatar (emergence of amphibians). He also incarnated as Mohini avatar and assisted the Devas in getting nectar from the Demons. In the process the two demons Rahu and Ketu were beheaded by Vishnu’s Sudarshan disc. Both these demons cursed moon of getting eclipsed by them. Moon married the 27 Nakshatras and due to his biasness with Rohini Nakshatra he was cursed by Daksha to face wanning and waxing periods. Lord Shiva also cursed Moon to be constantly struck by outer space objects and devoid of sustaining any lifeform for breaking his penance.The unending history of Devasura sangram (33 crore administrative gods vs uncivilized demons) battles between demoniac forces against the civilized Aryan rulers or emperors of India, assisted by Indra alongwith the 33 crore demigods and by Vishnu and his incarnations throughout these ages is vividly explained in the 18 Puranas of Sanatan dharma. It indicates the fighting and victorious spirit of Vedic Indic Aryans to survive against the violent savagery, the uncontrolled forces of nature and other dominating demoniac forces that are against the Vedic Aryan civilizing process. Thus in the Vedic scriptures we find mantras wherein the Vedic Aryans make sacrificial offerings to that respective god to assist them in conquering these uncontrolled demoniac forces present within them and to repel the attack of non-Aryan tribes in order to protect their kingdom, cities, livestock and fields from getting destroyed. The settlers of Devabhumi Bharat where always against these uncivilized Dasas, Rakshasha, Asuras and other miscreant unaryan tribes who posed a constant threat for the very survival of Sanatan Arya Vedic Varnashram dharma in India. Thus towards the end of the second Swarochisha Manvantar Lord Vishnu incarnated as White Boar (SwetaVaraha) incarnation and defeated the Rakshashas (demons). During Swayambhuva and Swarochisa Manvantar earth was surrounded by the waters on all the sides and was known as “Plakshadwipa” – Pangea. Lord Vishnu (SwetaVaraha) after the defeat of the demons assigned the upper planetary system to the Devas (Indra and 33 crore administrative gods), lower planetary systems to demons (asuras) and middle planetary humans to the civilized human Aryan rishis and their descendants, Manu and his lineage of saintly kings and emperors to rule the human race over the earth planet at the start of SwetaVaraha Kalpa. Thus our Kalpa is known as “Swetavaraha Kalpa”The oldest civilization on earth started in the Indian subcontinent namely the Vedic civilization which is also known as Varnashram dharma during the reign of third Manu, namely Uttama Manvantar. The 14 branches of Vedic literature namely the 4 Vedas, 6 Vedangas, 6 schools of philosophy, the 4 Upavedas, 18 Puranas, Manusmriti, Dharmashastras were created by Vedic Rishis and their descendants during the reign of Uttama Manvantar for the betterment of human civilization. The Vedic knowledge is known as “Apaurusheya” as it is existing on the earth planet since time immemorial as it is being passed from the Universal Gods to the 14 Manus during each of their timespan and in all their yugas and are further preserved by the 7 Sages and their descendants – the Bramhin Varna for propagating the Vedic culture and knowledges to the future generations and spread Vedic culture throughout the world with the help of Kshatriyas through conquest of non-Aryans by performing fire sacrifices such as “Rajasuya yadnya” and Ashwamedha yadnya” and who assumed titles like “Chakravarti”, “Digvijay”, “Samrat” etc and the Vaishyas by contacting non-Aryans with trade and commerce in spreading of Vedic civilization throughout the world.Uttama’s son emperor Uttanpada had two sons Dhruva and Priyavarta born from Suniti and Suruchi respectively. He was more biased to Suruchi. When Suruchi insulted Dhruva who was sitting on the lap of king Uttanpada, his mother Suniti instructed him to go to forest and please Lord Vishnu. Dhruva under the instructions of Sage Narada worshipped Lord Vishnu in deep penance. Lord Vishnu appeared before Dhruva and granted him the boon of eternally serving him through devotional service from his abode in Dhruva star which is situated to the supreme north of our universe and also granted him benediction of becoming the Emperor of the earth planet during the reign of Uttama Manvantar.After the reign of Uttama Manvantar, during the reign of 4th, 5th and 6th Manvantar (Epochs of Manu) namely Tamasa, Raivata and Chakshusha earth planet witnessed demoniac age of the Dinosaurs for roughly 922.7 million earthly years. The Dinosaurs (Danavas and Asuras and their descendants) dominated the earth under the leadership of Hiranyaksha, Hiranyakashipu and Bali Maharaja in the 4th, 5th and 6th Manvantar respectively. Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashipu were sons of sage Kashyapa and his wife Diti. Diti gave birth to demons and reptiles. His wife Kadru gave birth to Nagas and other ferocious dinosaurs. Kashyap’s pious wife Aditi gave birth to birds, chief among them Garuda (the carrier of Lord Vishnu), god-fearing humans and some administrative demigods to protect mankind from the anarchical rule of the demons. The gods were assisted by Lord Vishnu in vanquishing these ferocious demons that were very much powerful and created imbalance for the thriving of Vedic civilization on the earth planet. The civilized humans and the sages were in constant fear from the ferocious demons like Hiranyaksha during Tamasa Manvantar. He was killed by Lord Vishnu’s Varaha incarnation in a ferocious battle. Hiranyaksha completely plunged mother earth to the depths of Garbhodak Sagar. From this description we can assume that mother earth experienced a great catastrophical flood during the reign of Hiranyaksha. Almost all life forms would have been vanished during his reign including the Vedic civilization. Lord Varaha after annihilating Hiranyaksha once again established Varnashram or Vedic civilization on the earth planet.During the reign of 5th Manvantar i.e. Raivata Manvantar – Hiranyakashipu acquired benediction from Lord Bramha and started harassing the followers of Vedic dharma which was once again established by Lord Vishnu after the catastrophic floods caused by Hiranyaksha (the elder brother of Hiranyakashipu) by killing him during Tamasa Manvantar. He considered Lord Vishnu to be his chief enemy and began started executing and harassing whoever worshipped Lord Vishnu. Coincidently his son Prahlada turned to be a great devotee of the Supreme Lord Vishnu. Hiranyakashipu tried to kill him many times. His guru Shukracharya (Guru of the demons) who was assigned the planet Venus by Lord Vishnu also tried to brainwash Prahlad’s mind from worshipping Lord Vishnu. Eventually Bhakta Prahlad, the followers of Vedic civilization and all the devotees of Lord Vishnu were saved by the 4th incarnation of Vishnu i.e. Narshimha (half lion-half man). Lord Narsimha killed Hiranyakashipu and vanquished all the demoniac beings. He then instructed his ardent devotee Prahlad and once again established religious principles as envisaged in the Vedas. The descendants of Prahlad practiced Vedic civilization however, lot of demoniac elements were manifested in them as they were all descendants of Diti.During 6th Manvantar i.e. Chakshusha the last descendant in the lineage of Prahlad namely Bali Maharaja was a religious and pious devotee of Supreme Lord Vishnu. However his Guru Shukracharya deluded his mind and instructed him to perform 1000 sacrifices (Yagyas) to conquer the heavens. The administrative gods became perturbed who then approached Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu incarnated as the dwarf Bramhin Vaman – the 5th incarnation and requested Bali Maharaja to grant him 3 spaces of land. Bali readily accepted his request. Vaman then assumed a gigantic form, in the first step he occupied all the heavens until the Vaikuntha planets and in the second feet he occupied the entire earthly planet. He now requested where he should keep his third feet. Bali then offered his head by prostrating before Vaman. Vaman becoming pleased with his devotional service plunged Bali and all his demoniac followers to the 7 lower planetary system and made him the emperor of Patala planetary system and gave him a boon of serving him in devotional service from the lower planetary system and assured him that he will become the first Manu in the next day of Bramha i.e. after the end of the present Shwetavaraha Kalpa.According to western scientific and geological history of the world, the description given in the Puranic literature of the Hindus or Vedic religion is matching. Both confirm of a Dinosaur age and its castatrophical end. The only difference between the Vedic or Puranic history and the western scientific world history is that the Vedic people believe and confirm that there was human civilization from the start of Shwetavaraha kalpa some 1 billion, 971 million, 9 lakh, 61 thousand 683 years ago on the earth planet while the scientific world refutes the existence of human civilization into such remote times over the Indian subcontinent. They consider Vedic history as mythological and hence we present day Indians under the influence of western inventions and discoveries also consider all the incarnations of Vishnu as mythological and the stories associated with them. As a matter of fact there was never a comet or meteorite that collided on the earth that ended the dinosaur age some 66 million years ago; it was the arrangement of Lord Vishnu to end the menace of the demoniac dinosaurs for the future and betterment of the mankind. Lord Vishnu thus incarnated as Lord Vaman in the middle of Vivasvan Manvantar some 66 million years ago to end the Dinosaur age. In the process of sending Bali to the nether world , Lord Vaman had its footprints marked on 3 places on the earthly planet at Gaya, Shuklathirtha and Mecca- which is worshipped by Islamic world.When the 7th Vivasvan Manvantar started some 120 million years ago the earth planet witnessed mass geological upheavals which resulted into the formation of present day 7 continents and 4 oceans. In the previous 6 Manvantars all the landmass were joined by a supercontinent Pangea. Towards the end of Chakshusha Manvantar Europe became separate from North America. The vast Siberian and Asian landmass collided with the European landmass to form the Ural Mountains in the formation of the supercontinent of Eurasia. The Indian subcontinent throughout the 5 Manvantar Epochs was aloof from the other landmasses and was a huge island known as “Jambudwipa” surrounded by the “Sea of Tethys”. It was then separated by the Gondwana landmass. It then moved northwards and collided with the Eurasian landmass that resulted into the formation of mighty fold mountains namely the Himalayas. Chakshusha Manvantar witnessed the extinction of many animal species from the Dinosaur age. Earth was geologically very active during Chakshusha Manvantar and violent volcanic eruptions and earthquakes resulted into mass extinction of species that could not adjust to changing temperature on land, air and water. This also gave rise to new species which were adaptable to this new environment.The 7th Vivasvan Manvantar witnessed the dominance of mammals. Ferocious beasts roamed in the jungles. Both Carnivorous and Herbivorous mammals dominated the earth planet like the lion, tiger, hyena, wolf, jackal, dogs, cats, elephants, giraffes, rhinos, hippos, pigs, horse, zebra, monkeys, apes etc. The most intelligent creation of God i.e. humans and the evolutionary humans started competing with each other for survival from this Manvantar some 30 million years ago after the annihilation of dinosaurs. The civilized Aryans in North India on the banks of Indus, Saraswati and the Gangetic plains, evolutionary humans and the impious Nishada race people (hunter gatherers, uncivilized people) who roamed naked through all the continents posed a great threat for the survival of Vedic civilization in India during most of Vivasvan Manvantar. A catastrophic flood caused by Lord Shiva at the end of 27th Mahayuga’s Kaliyuga completely destroyed the uncivilized Nishada race thus relieving the civilized Aryan race and the thriving of Vedic civilization in India. The remnants of the Nishada race people according to modern scientific genetics can be found in some tribes of Pacific, Africa, Australia and South America (Melanesians, Polynesian and aboriginal austric races). The surviving Nishada tribes were considered as Dasas or non-aryans as they were opposed to the civilizing process of the Vedic Aryans and were compelled to settle in those lands.The present Vivasvan Manvantar(Epoch) is the 7th Manu in a day of Bramha and we are living in his 28th Mahayuga’s Kaliyuga which started 5110 years ago after the battle at Kurukshetra (Mahabharat War). After 4,26,890 earthly years the 28th Mahayuga’s Kaliyuga will end and once again the 29th Mahayuga’s Satyayuga shall start.Vivasvan Manvantar started 120.53 million years ago i.e.12 crore 5 lakh 33 thousand 110 years ago.According to Bhagvad Gita’s 4th Chapter 1st verse – Lord Krishna says to Arjun that I imparted transcendental knowledge to Sun-God at the start of Vivasvan Manvantar and then Vivasvan Manu instructed it to his son Ikshvaku who belongs to the Raghuvamsha dynasty at the beginning of the present Mahayuga’s Tretayuga some 17,28,000 years ago.Vivasvan Manu’s 28th Mahayuga was ruled by the Raghuvamsha dynasty which started its reign over the earth planet and especially over the Indian Subcontinent some 38,93,110 years ago.Vivasvan Manu established his capital at Ayodhya and made it the headquarters of Kosala kingdom and later the kings and emperors in this kingdom ruled much of North India where Aryan civilization thrived and flourished with other kingdoms of Mithila, Kashi, Bharat, Magadha etc.Lord Vishnu appeared as Parshuram at the start of 28th Mahayuga’s Tretayuga some 21,65,110 years ago. During Lord Parshuram’s incarnation the whole world was dominated by uncivilized, miscreant Kshatriya kings who were not ready to accept the ideals of Sanatan or Vedic Dharma. In Satyayuga the whole of North India was following Vedic civilization and this Yuga was dominated by the Bramhin Varna who guided the other 3 Varnas. The Bramhins were the descendants of Vedic Aryan Rishis chiefly the 10 Rishis (Bhrugu, Vashishta, Atri, Agastya, Pulaha, Pulastya, Angiras, Kardama, Kashyapa, Bharadwaja, Kapila and Gautam) and their descendants. However, as time transformed into Tretayuga, irreligion began to appear in Sanatan or Vedic religion. Vedic religion was based on division of 4 social orders and 4 life orders and guided by the Vedic literatures which were revealed to the above mentioned Sages through meditation and their descendant Sages and orally transmitted from a Guru to his disciple and thus preserved for generations. They contained all the necessary knowledge for material as well as spiritual progress of mankind and even in that remote time period North India had developed a high mark of Vedic civilization which is the mother of all the existing civilizations. When all the other people in the world were living in the darkness of ignorance and leading a nomadic, uncivilized life the Vedic Aryans of India were a source of inspiration to all the worldly people, who were a gift from God to all the worldly people by whose spiritual and eternal knowledge they can become civilized and accept Vedic civilization and the ideals of Sanatan Dharma.During Satyayuga the main fabric of Vedic or Sanatan Dharma was conceived by Vedic Rishis and Bramhins. During the next Yuga i.e. Tretayuga the second Varna in Sanatan Dharma gained prominence i.e. the Kshatriyas. Some pious Kshatriya kings and emperors like Janaka and the kings from the Raghuvamsha dynasty or Ikshvaku dynasty because Vivasvan or Surya is the son of Kashyapa and Aditi. Manu or Vaivaswatha Manu is the son of Vivasvan. He is regarded as the first ruler belonging to the Ikshvaku dynasty and Ikshvaku is the son of Manu and established his kingdom in Ayodhya. Kukshi is the son of Ikshavaku. Vikukshi is the son of Kukshi. Bana is the son of Vikukshi. Anaranya is the son of Bana. Prithu is the son of Anaranya. Trisanku is the son of Prithu. Dhundhumara is the son of Trisanku. Yuvanaswa is the son of Dhundhumara. Mandhata is the son of Yuvanaswa. Susandhi is the son of Mandhata. Daivasandhi and Presenjit are the sons of Susandhi. Bharatha is the son of Presenjit. Asita is the son of Bharatha. Sagara is the son of Asitha. Asamanja is the son of Sagara. Amsumantha (Ansuman) is the son of Asamanja. Dileepa is the son of Amsumantha. Bhagiratha is the son of Dileepa. Kakustha is the son of Bhagiratha. Raghu is the son of Kakushta.The clan of Raghuvamsha started with Raghu. Pravardha is the son of Raghu. Sankhana is the son of Pravardha. Sudarsana is the son of Sankhana. Agnivarna is the son of Sudarsana. Seeghraga is the son of Agnivarna. Maru is the son of Seeghraga. Prasusruka is the son of Maru. Ambarisha is the son of Prasusruka. Nahusha is the son of Ambarisha. Yayathi is the son of Nahusha. Nabhaga is the son of Yayathi. Aja is the son of Nabhaga. Dasaratha is the son of Aja. Rama, Lakshmana, Bharatha and Shatrughana are the sons of Dasaratha. Lava and Kusha are the sons of Rama abided by the principles of Sanatan Dharma and protected Bramhins and cows who are considered as the forbearers of Vedic religion. It is said that irreligion occurs when Bramhins, cows, women and old people are not protected by able administrators and that is what happened at the start of Tretayuga and at this juncture Lord Parshuram appeared.At the start of every Mahayuga, especially in Satyayuga which is dominated by the Bramhin Varna who are the descendants of the Vedic Aryan sages, chief among them the 7 Sages acquire the Supreme knowledge of the Vedas from Bramha, Shiva and other Demigods during the Golden age (Satyayuga) and lay the foundation stone for the development of Sanatan Arya Vedic civilization in India especially to the north of the Vindhyas on the banks of the Indus and the 7 rivers, Saraswati, Ganga, Yamuna Bramhanputra rivers and its tributaries.In the following Yuga namely Tretayuga (dominated by the Aryan Kshatriyas), the Bramhins spread the Vedic religion to the non-aryans as seen in the conquests of Lord Parshuram. Parshuram was a Bramhin and the son of sage Jamadagni. He was the first to spread the Vedic religion to all the corners of the world some 21,00,000 years ago at the start of Tretayuga. He annihilated the impious, irreligious Kshatriyas 21 times on the earth planet who were opposing to accept Sanatan Dharma and its ideals. In this process the Aryans who spread from India in fear of Parshuram as well as the other races who got in contact with Sanatan Dharma began practicing Sanatan Dharma in the most primitive stage and also sometimes remain opposed to the civilizing process of Indic Aryans. The pious Kshatriyas in India who were powerful especially the kings in the Raghuvamsha dynasty such as Ikshvakhu who started ruling the earth planet some 17,00,000 years ago and his descendants namely Bhagiratha, Dilip, Trishankhu, Dashratha and finally Lord Ram performed many Rajasuya and Ashwamedha Yadnyas (sacrifices) to subdue, conquer, overpower or spread the ideals of Sanatan Arya Vedic Dharma to all the Non-Aryan lands of Africa, Europe, Americas and Australia.It was during Tretayuga that 2 new races appeared on the face of earth in competition with the already existing civilized Kashyapa (Caucasoid – around the Kashyap Sea) Aryan race having its origin in North India from the start of Swetavaraha Kalpa some 1.97 billion years ago. They were the Negroids (black race) in East Africa some 2.2 million years ago and the Mongoloid (yellow race) in East Asia some 2 million years ago. Both these races tried to penetrate the Indian subcontinent from the South via the sea-route and through the Himalayas via the land route respectively. Lord Parshuram during his 21 times Kshatriya annihilations some 2 million years ago recognized this threat and repelled their invasion over northern and southern India 21 times respectively. The emperors of Raghuvamsha dynasty subdued the mongoloid race people and spread Aryan civilization to East Asia, Siberia and as far as North America. However, they could not conquer or defeat the demoniac or Rakshasha forces of Ravana (son of Aryan sage Vishrava) and his austric-negroid clans who were harassing the civilized Dravidian people (Bramhin and Kshatriya descendants of Vedic Aryan sages such as Atri, Agastya, Jamadagni who had settled in the Dandaka forest, south of the Vindhyas). South India was also inhabited by evolutionary human tribes of Bali, Sugriva who assisted the Dravidians in defeating the menace of the Rakshashas. Thus the spread of Aryan civilization by Vedic Aryan sages like Atri and Agastya (founder of Tamil language) in South India and Srilanka and their descendants the Bramhin Varna refutes the western Indologists theory of Aryan invasion from outside India on the indigenous Dravidian Indus Valley. On the contrary the Dravidians are the descendants of Aryan sages from north India who had settled in south India during 28th Mahayuga’s Tretayuga according to SrimadBhagvatam Purana which is considered as the Golden ripen fruit of all Vedic literatures and is dated between 15,00,000 years ago till the advent of Lord Ram towards the end of Tretayuga and his disappearance some 9,00,000 years ago. Lord Ram vanquished and completely defeated the demoniac forces of Ravana, killed Ravana and other Rakshahas in the battle and gave the right to rule Srilanka to his younger brother Vibhisana. Lord Ram was assisted by his younger brother Lakshmana, his ardent devotee Hanuman and evolutionary humans like Sugriva (king of Kishkindha), Jambavan etc in rescuing Goddess Sita who was abducted by demoniac king Ravana when he was banished to forest by his stepmother Kaikeyi. After the defeat of Rakshashas, their remnants the non-aryan tribes were banished from South India and they escaped as far as Indonesia and Australia. The present day aborigines of Australia are the remnants of Rakshasha tribes from South India. The evolutionary humans could not survive the changing weather and climatic conditions which eventually gave rise to Dravidian kingdoms from the start of Dwarparyuga some 8,00,000 years ago. The Dravidian kingdoms like Andhras, Cholas, Pandyas, Cheras, Pallavas, Vidharbhas began their rule over South India. During the Ice age there was mixture of Aryan and non-Aryan races in south India resulting into Dravidians who settled in Panchdravida (Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh).The Dravidians (Vedic Aryans of South India) became dominant and followed the Vedic religion. The descendants of the Vedic Aryan sages from north India who settled in South India became Bramhins and Kshatriya kingdoms like the Andhras, Cholas, Cheras, Vidharbha, Kalingas, Pallavas began to rule South India. Soon the evolutionary humans – the Vanaras became extinct from South India and were replaced by the Dravidians – modern civilized Vedic Aryans of the south. “Dakshinapath” connects north India to south India which was used for transport, commerce and pilgrimage by people living in both these regions to go to places of religious importance and places of learning. Cities such as Kashi, Takshashila, Nalanda, Pataliputra, Hastinapura, Ayodhya, Ujjain, etc in the North are well connected to the cities of the South such as Kanchi, Amravati, Madurai, Prathisthan, Rameshwar, Nasik etc.28 Mahayuga’s Dwaparyuga began 869115 years ago i.e. 864000 years of Dwapar + 5115 years of present day Kaliyuga and is considered as the age of Vaishyas when trade and commerce flourished and Vedic civilization started to spread beyond the borders of India as far as Egypt, China, Mesopotamia, South-east Asia and Europe.The predominant dynasty during Dwaparyuga was the moon dynasty or Chandravamsha. Soma or moon-god was the first ruler of this dynasty, Yayati who took birth in this dynasty had two wives namely Devayani and Sarmishtha gave birth to 2 dynasties namely Yadu and Kuru respectively who dominated northern India during Dwaparyuga until the Mahabharata War which occurred in BC 3105 since Lord Krishna appeared in Yadu dynasty and the Kauravas and Pandavas appeared in Kuru dynasty, alongwith other important kingdoms such as Videhans, Magadhis, Panchal, Kosala (city established by Kusha-son of Lord Rama during Tretayuga) etc.As explained earlier about the Latter Vedic age, early Vedic age occurred during 40000 BC to 9000 BC when Aryan kingdoms started competing over land of seven rivers and most of the Vedic literatures where once again composed and transmitted orally. The competition between the 10 Aryan kingdoms culminated in the famous Dasharadyna war which occurred in BC 9000 when the rebellious Aryan clans namely Parshus, Druhyus, Anus and Alinas where driven from the borders of India. The Parshus then settled in Persia and a new religion based on the teachings of prophet Zarathusthra emerged in Persia based on fire-worship and the language they spoke was Avesta which had many similarities with Vedic Sanskrit. After the Dasharadnya War until the occurrence of Mahabharat War in BC 3105 middle Vedic age prevailed in India which is also considered as Epic age or Upanishadic age when the epics and Upanishads where composed. Sage Valmiki wrote Ramayana which occurred during Tretayuga and VedVyas composed the epic Mahabharat alongwith BhagvadGita.Thus we should consider Bhagvat history as authentic history of the entire Indian Subcontinent and also of the theistic progress made by Vedic civilization in India since the start of SwetaVaraha Kalpa or Bramha’s day which began 2 billion earthly years ago approximately as all the events are systematically recorded during the various Manu epochs and the Vishnu incarnations that occurred until the Buddha incarnation who appeared in 6th cent BC. Based on Bhagvat history we should propagate Bhagvat philosophy amongst the masses because many people in the modern world under the illusory potency of Maya forget the existence of Supreme Lord and their supreme destination to get freed from the repeated cycle of birth, death and rebirth. If the people will believe in Bhagvat history which is authentic and not mythological and will worship the Supreme Lord in the holy places where he performed his pastimes such as Mathura, Vrindavan, Dwarka, Pandharpur, Kanchi, Srirangam, Tirupati, Puri, Mayapur, Badrinath spread throughout India and observe the principles of Bhagvat Bhakti by practicing Bhaktiyoga (devotional service) as is enshrined in the Vedic scriptures especially Bhagvad Gita and SrimadBhagvat Purana – the golden ripen fruit of all the Vedic literatures then surely everyone will be blessed with the mercy of Supreme Lord Hari who is the cause of all causes and will be delivered from the material existence and the Lord’s illusory potency (Maya) to be in his association in the spiritual world (Vaikuntha).