Hera Panchami & Return Rathyatra Sri Caitanya
upavane kaila prabhu vividha vilasa
prabhura abhisheka kaila vipra krishnadasa
In the garden along the road from the Jagannatha temple to
Gundica, Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu performed various pastimes. A
brahmana named Krishnadasa performed the bathing ceremony of Lord
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
gundicate nritya-ante kaila jala-keli
hera-pancamite dekhila lakshmi-devira keli
After dancing in the Gundica temple, the Lord sported in the
water with His devotees, and on Hera-pancami day they all saw the
activities of the goddess of fortune, Lakshmidevi.
‘hera-pancami’ra dina aila janiya
kasi-misre kahe raja sayatna kariya
Knowing that the Hera-pancami festival was drawing near, King
Prataparudra attentively talked with Kasi Misra.
kalya ‘hera-pancami’ habe lakshmira vijaya
aiche utsava kara yena kabhu nahi haya
“Tomorrow will be the function of Hera-pancami or
Lakshmi-vijaya. Hold this festival in a way that it has never been
This Hera-pancami festival takes place five days after the
Ratha-yatra festival. Lord Jagannatha has left His wife, the
goddess of fortune, and gone to Vrindavana, which is the Gundica
temple. Due to separation from the Lord, the goddess of fortune
decides to come to see the Lord at Gundica. The coming of the
goddess of fortune to Gundica is celebrated by Hera-pancami.
Sometimes this is misspelled as Hara-pancami the section known as
ativadi. The word hera means “to see” and refers to the goddess of
fortune going to see Lord Jagannatha. The word pancami means “the
fifth day” and is used because this takes place on the fifth day of
mahotsava kara taiche visesha sambhara
dekhi’ mahaprabhura yaiche haya camatkara
King Prataparudra said, “Hold this festival in such a gorgeous
way that upon seeing it, Caitanya Mahaprabhu will be completely
pleased and astonished.
thakurera bhandare ara amara bhandare
citra-vastra-kinkini, ara chatra-camare
“Take as many printed cloths, small bells, umbrellas and
camaras as there are in my storehouse and in the Deity’s
dhvajavrinda-pataka-ghantaya karaha mandana
nana-vadya-nritya-dolaya karaha sajana
“Collect all kinds of small and large flags and ringing bells.
Then decorate the carrier and have various musical and dancing
parties accompany it. In this way decorate the carrier
dviguna kariya kara saba upahara
ratha-yatra haite yaiche haya camatkara
“You should also double the quantity of prasada. Make so much
that it will even surpass the Ratha-yatra festival.
seita’ kariha,—prabhu lana bhakta-gana
svacchande asiya yaiche karena darasana
“Arrange the festival in such a way that Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu may freely go with His devotees to visit the Deity
pratah-kale mahaprabhu nija-gana lana
jagannatha darsana kaila sundaracale yana
In the morning, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took His personal
associates with Him to see Lord Jagannatha at Sundaracala.
Sundaracala is the Gundica temple. The temple of Jagannatha at
Jagannatha Puri is called Nilacala, and the temple at Gundica is
nilacale aila punah bhakta-gana-sange
dekhite utkantha hera-pancamira range
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His personal devotees returned to
Nilacala with great eagerness to see the Hera-pancami
kasi-misra prabhure bahu adara kariya
svagana-saha bhala-sthane vasaila lana
Kasi Misra received Caitanya Mahaprabhu with great respect,
and taking the Lord and His associates to a very nice place, he had
rasa-visesha prabhura sunite mana haila
ishat hasiya prabhu svarupe puchila
After taking His seat, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu wanted to hear
about a particular mellow of devotional service; therefore, mildly
smiling, He began to question Svarupa Damodara.
yadyapi jagannatha karena dvarakaya vihara
sahaja prakata kare parama udara
tathapi vatsara-madhye haya eka-bara
vrindavana dekhite tanra utkantha apara
“Although Lord Jagannatha enjoys His pastimes at Dvaraka-dhama
and naturally manifests sublime liberality there, still, once a
year, He becomes unlimitedly eager to see Vrindavana.”
vrindavana-sama ei upavana-gana
taha dekhibare utkanthita haya mana
Pointing out the neighboring gardens, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
said, “All these gardens exactly resemble Vrindavana; therefore
Lord Jagannatha is very eager to see them again.
bahira ha-ite kare ratha-yatra-chala
sundaracale yaya prabhu chadi’ nilacala
“Externally He gives the excuse that He wants to participate
in the Ratha-yatra festival, but actually He wants to leave
Jagannatha Puri to go to Sundaracala, Gundica temple, the replica
nana-pushpodyane tatha khele ratri-dine
lakshmidevire sange nahi laya ki karane?
“The Lord enjoys His pastimes day and night in various flower
gardens there. But why did He not take Lakshmidevi, the goddess of
fortune, with Him?”
svarupa kahe,—suna, prabhu, karana ihara
vrindavana-kridate lakshmira nahi adhikara
Svarupa Damodara replied, “My dear Lord, please hear the
reason for this. Lakshmidevi, the goddess of fortune, cannot be
admitted to the pastimes of Vrindavana.
vrindavana-lilaya krishnera sahaya gopi-gana
gopi-gana vina krishnera harite nare mana
“In the pastimes of Vrindavana, the only assistants are the
gopis. But for the gopis, no one can attract the mind of
prabhu kahe,—yatra-chale krishnera gamana
subhadra ara baladeva, sange dui jana
The Lord said, “Using the car festival as an excuse, Krishna
goes there with Subhadra and Baladeva.
gopi-sange yata lila haya upavane
nigudha krishnera bhava keha nahi jane
“All the pastimes with the gopis that take place in those
gardens are very confidential ecstasies of Lord Krishna. No one
ataeva krishnera prakatye nahi kichu dosha
tabe kene lakshmidevi kare eta rosha?
“Since there is no fault at all in Krishna’s pastimes, why
does the goddess of fortune become angry?”
svarupa kahe,—premavatira ei ta’ svabhava
kantera audasya-lese haya krodha-bhava
Svarupa Damodara replied, “It is the nature of a girl
afflicted by love to become immediately angry upon finding neglect
on the part of her lover.”
hena-kale, khacita yahe vividha ratana
suvarnera caudola kari’ arohana
While Svarupa Damodara and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu were
talking, the procession of the goddess of fortune came by. She was
riding upon a golden palanquin carried by four men and bedecked
with a variety of jewels.
chatra-camara-dhvaja patakara gana
nana-vadya-age nace deva-dasi-gana
The palanquin was also surrounded by people carrying
umbrellas, camara whisks and flags, and it was preceded by
musicians and dancing girls.
tambula-samputa, jhari, vyajana, camara
sathe dasi sata, hara divya bhushambara
The maidservants were carrying water pitchers, camara whisks
and boxes for betel nuts. There were hundreds of maidservants, all
attractively dressed with valuable necklaces.
alaukika aisvarya sange bahu-parivara
kruddha hana lakshmidevi aila simha-dvara
In an angry mood, the goddess of fortune arrived at the main
gate of the temple accompanied by many members of her family, all
of whom exhibited uncommon opulence.
jagannathera mukhya mukhya yata bhritya-gane
lakshmidevira dasi-gana karena bandhane
When the procession arrived, the maidservants of the goddess
of fortune began to arrest all the principal servants of Lord
bandhiya aniya pade lakshmira carane
core yena danda kari’ laya nana-dhane
The maidservants bound the servants of Jagannatha, handcuffed
them, and made them fall down at the lotus feet of the goddess of
fortune. Indeed, they were arrested just like thieves who have all
their riches taken away.
When Lord Jagannatha starts His car festival, He gives
assurance to the goddess of fortune that He will return the next
day. When He does not return, the goddess of fortune, after waiting
two or three days, begins to feel that her husband has neglected
her. She naturally becomes quite angry. Gorgeously decorating
herself and her associates, she comes out of the temple and stands
before the main gate. All the principal servants of Lord Jagannatha
are then arrested by her maidservants, brought before her and
forced to fall down at her lotus feet.
acetanavat tare karena tadane
nana-mata gali dena bhanda-vacane
When the servants fall down before the lotus feet of the
goddess of fortune, they almost fall unconscious. They are
chastised and made the butt of jokes and loose language.
lakshmi-sange dasi-ganera pragalbhya dekhiya
hase mahaprabhura gana mukhe hasta diya
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s associates saw such impudence
exhibited by the maidservants of the goddess of fortune, they
covered their faces with their hands and began to smile.
damodara kahe,—aiche manera prakara
trijagate kahan nahi dekhi suni ara
Svarupa Damodara said, “There is no egoistic pride like this
within the three worlds. At least I have neither seen nor heard of
manini nirutsahe chade vibhushana
bhume vasi’ nakhe lekhe, malina-vadana
“When a woman is neglected and disappointed, out of egoistic
pride she gives up her ornaments and morosely sits down on the
floor, marking lines on it with her nails.
purve satyabhamara suni evam-vidha mana
vraje gopi-ganera mana—rasera nidhana
“I have heard of this kind of pride in Satyabhama, Krishna’s
proudest Queen, and I have also heard of it in the gopis of
Vrindavana, who are the reservoirs of all transcendental
inho nija-sampatti saba prakata kariya
priyera upara yaya sainya sajana
“But in the case of the goddess of fortune, I see a different
kind of pride. She manifests her own opulences and even goes with
her soldiers to attack her husband.”
After seeing the impudence of the goddess of fortune, Svarupa
Damodara Gosvami wanted to inform Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu about the
superexcellence of the gopis’ loving affairs. He therefore said,
“My Lord, I never experienced anything like the behavior of the
goddess of fortune. We sometimes see a beloved wife becoming proud
of her position and then frustrated due to some neglect. She then
gives up caring for her appearance, accepts dirty clothes and
morosely sits on the floor and draws lines with her nails. We have
heard of such egoistic pride in Satyabhama and the gopis of
Vrindavana, but what we see in the goddess of fortune here at
Jagannatha Puri is completely different. She becomes very angry
with her husband, and attacks Him with her great opulence.”
(A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Sri Chaitanya
Charitamrita Madhya-lila 14:106-139. texts and purports).
prabhu kahe,—kaha vrajera manera prakara
svarupa kahe,—gopi-mana-nadi sata-dhara
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu said, “Please tell me of the varieties
of egoistic pride manifest in Vrindavana.” Svarupa Damodara
replied, “The pride of the gopis is like a river flowing with
hundreds of tributaries.
nayikara svabhava, prema-vritte bahu bheda
sei bhede nana-prakara manera udbheda
“The characteristics and modes of love are different in
different women. Their jealous anger also takes on different
varieties and qualities.
samyak gopikara mana na yaya kathana
eka-dui-bhede kari dig-darasana
“It is not possible to give a complete statement about the
different types of jealous anger manifest by the gopis, but a few
principles may serve as an indication.
mane keha haya ‘dhira,’ keha ta’ ‘adhira’
ei tina-bhede, keha haya ‘dhiradhira’
“There are three types of women experiencing jealous anger:
sober women, restless women and women both restless and
‘dhira’ kante dure dekhi’ kare pratyutthana
nikate asile, kare asana pradana
“When a sober heroine sees her hero approaching from a
distance, she immediately stands up to receive him. When he comes
near, she immediately offers him a place to sit.
hridaye kopa, mukhe kahe madhura vacana
priya alingite, tare kare alingana
“The sober heroine conceals her anger within her heart and
externally speaks sweet words. When her lover embraces her, she
also returns his embrace.
sarala vyavahara, kare manera poshana
kimva solluntha-vakye kare priya-nirasana
“The sober heroine is very simple in her behavior. She keeps
her jealous anger within her heart, but with mild words and smiles
she refutes the advances of her lover.
‘adhira’ nishthura-vakye karaye bhartsana
karnotpale tade, kare malaya bandhana
“The restless heroine, however, sometimes chastises her lover
with cruel words, sometimes pulls his ear and sometimes binds him
with a flower garland.
‘dhiradhira’ vakra-vakye kare upahasa
kabhu stuti, kabhu ninda, kabhu va udasa
“The heroine who is a combination of sobriety and restlessness
always jokes with equivocal words. She sometimes praises her lover,
sometimes blasphemes him and sometimes remains indifferent.
‘mugdha’, ‘madhya’, ‘pragalbha’,—tina nayikara bheda
‘mugdha’ nahi jane manera vaidagdhya-vibheda
“Heroines may also be classified as captivated, intermediate
and impudent. The captivated heroine does not know very much about
the cunning intricacies of jealous anger.
mukha acchadiya kare kevala rodana
kantera priya-vakya suni’ haya parasanna
“The captivated heroine simply covers her face and goes on
crying. When she hears sweet words from her lover, she is very
‘madhya’ ‘pragalbha’ dhare dhiradi-vibheda
tara madhye sabara svabhave tina bheda
“Both the intermediate and impudent heroines can be classified
as sober, restless and both sober and restless. All their
characteristics can be further classified in three divisions.
keha ‘prakhara’, keha ‘mridu’, keha haya ‘sama’
sva-svabhave krishnera badaya prema-sima
“Some of them are very talkative, some are mild, and some are
equipoised. Each heroine, according to her own character, increases
Sri Krishna’s loving ecstasy.
prakharya, mardava, samya svabhava nirdosha
sei sei svabhave krishne karaya santosha
“Although some of the gopis are talkative, some mild and some
equipoised, all of them are transcendental and faultless. They
please Krishna by their unique characteristics.”
e-katha suniya prabhura ananda apara
‘kaha, kaha, damodara’,—bale bara bara
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu felt unlimited happiness upon hearing
these descriptions, and He again and again requested Svarupa
Damodara to continue speaking.
damodara kahe,—krishna rasika-sekhara
Damodara Gosvami said, “Krishna is the master of all
transcendental mellows. He is the taster of transcendental mellows,
and His body is composed of transcendental bliss.
premamaya-vapu krishna bhakta-premadhina
suddha-preme, rasa-gune, gopika—pravina
“Krishna is full of ecstatic love and always subordinate to
the love of his devotees. The gopis are very experienced in pure
love and in the dealings of transcendental mellows.
gopikara preme nahi rasabhasa-dosha
ataeva krishnera kare parama santosha
“There is no flaw or adulteration in the love of the gopis;
therefore they give Krishna the highest pleasure.
Rasabhasa occurs when one’s relationship with Krishna is
adulterated. There are different types of rasabhasa—first-,
second-and third-class. The word rasa means “mellow,” and abhasa
means “a shadow.” If one tastes one kind of mellow and something
extra is imposed, that is uparasa. If something is derived from the
original mellow, it is called anurasa. If something is appreciated
that is far removed from the original mellow, it is called aparasa.
Uparasa, anurasa and aparasa are, respectively, first-, second-and
third-class rasabhasas. As stated in the Bhakti-rasamrita-sindhu
purvam evanusishtena vikala rasa-lakshana
rasa eva rasabhasa rasa-jnair anukirtitah
syus tridhoparasas canurasas caparasas ca te
uttama madhyamah proktah kanishthas cety ami kramat
evam sasankamsu-virajita nisah
sa satya-kamo ’nuratabala-ganah
sisheva atmany avaruddha-sauratah
“ ‘Lord Sri Krishna, who is the Absolute Truth, enjoyed His
rasa dance every night during the autumn season. He performed this
dance in the moonlight and with full transcendental mellows. He
used poetic words and surrounded Himself with women who were very
much attracted to Him.’
This verse is a quotation from Srimad-Bhagavatam (10.33.25).
The gopis are all transcendental spirit souls. One should never
think that the gopis and Krishna have material bodies.
Vrindavana-dhama is also a spiritual abode, and there the days and
nights, the trees, flowers, water and everything else are
spiritual. There is not even a trace of material contamination.
Krishna, who is the Supreme Brahman and Supersoul, is not at all
interested in anything material. His activities with the gopis are
all spiritual and take place within the spiritual world. They have
nothing to do with the material world. Lord Krishna’s lusty desires
and ail His dealings with the gopis are on the spiritual platform.
One has to be transcendentally realized before even considering
relishing the pastimes of Krishna with the gopis. One who is on the
mundane platform must first purify himself by following the
regulative principles. Only then can he try to understand Krishna
and the gopis. Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Svarupa Damodara Gosvami
are here talking about the relationship between Krishna and the
gopis: therefore the subject matter is neither mundane nor erotic.
Being a sannyasi, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was very strict in His
dealings with women. Unless the gopis were on the spiritual
platform, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu would have never even mentioned
them to Svarupa Damodara Gosvami. Therefore these descriptions do
not at all pertain to material activity.
‘vama’ eka gopi-gana, ‘dakshina’ eka gana
nana-bhave karaya krishne rasa asvadana
“The gopis can be divided into a left wing and a right wing.
Both wings induce Krishna to taste transcendental mellows by
various manifestations of ecstatic love.
gopi-gana-madhye sreshtha radha-thakurani
“Of all the gopis, Srimati Radharani is the chief. She is a
jewel mine of ecstatic love and the source of all purified
transcendental conjugal mellows.
vayase ‘madhyama’ tenho svabhavete ‘sama’
gadha prema-bhave tenho nirantara ‘vama’
“Radharani is grown up, and Her character is equipoised. She
is always deeply absorbed in ecstatic love and always feeling in
the mood of a left-wing gopi.
The left wing and right wing of the gopis has been explained
by Rupa Gosvami in Ujjvala-nilamani. The left wing is described in
tac-chaithilye ca kopana
abhedya nayake prayah
krura vameti kirtyate
“A gopi who is always eager to be jealously angered, who is
very enthusiastic for that position, who immediately becomes angry
when defeated, who is never under the control of a hero and who
always opposes Him is called vama, or a leftwing gopi.”
Srila Rupa Gosvami describes the right-wing gopis in this
samabhis tena bhedya ca
“A gopi who cannot tolerate womanly anger, who speaks suitable
words to the hero and who is satisfied by His sweet words is called
a dakshina, or a right-wing gopi.”
vamya-svabhave mana uthe nirantara
tara madhye uthe krishnera ananda-sagara
“Because She is a left-wing gopi, Her womanly anger is always
awakening, but Krishna derives transcendental bliss from Her
aher iva gatih premnah
ato hetor ahetos ca
yunor mana udancati
“ ‘The progress of loving affairs between young couples is by
nature crooked, like the movement of a snake. Because of this, two
types of anger arise between young couples—anger with a cause and
anger without a cause.’ ”
This is a quotation from Srila Rupa Gosvami’s Ujjvala-nilamani
eta suni’ bade prabhura ananda-sagara
‘kaha, kaha’ kahe prabhu, bale damodara
When Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard these talks, His ocean of
transcendental bliss increased. He therefore told Svarupa Damodara,
“Go on speaking, go on speaking.” And thus Svarupa Damodara
‘adhirudha mahabhava’—radhikara prema
visuddha, nirmala, yaiche dasa-vana hema
“Srimati Radharani’s love is a highly advanced ecstasy. All
Her dealings are completely pure and devoid of material tinge.
Indeed, Her dealings are ten times purer than gold.
krishnera darsana yadi paya acambite
nana-bhava-vibhushane haya vibhushite
“As soon as Radharani gets a chance to see Krishna, Her body
is suddenly decorated with various ecstatic ornaments.
ashta ‘sattvika’, harshadi ‘vyabhicari’ yanra
‘sahaja prema’, vimsati ‘bhava’-alankara
“The transcendental ornaments of Srimati Radharani’s body
include the eight sattvikas, or transcendental symptoms, the
thirty-three vyabhicaribhavas, beginning with harsha, or jubilation
in natural love, and the twenty bhavas, or ecstatic emotional
The thirty-three vyabhicari-bhavas, bodily symptoms manifest
in ecstatic love, are as follows: (1) nirveda, indifference; (2)
vishada, moroseness; (3) dainya, meekness; (4) glani, a feeling
that one is in a faulty position; (5) srama, fatigue; (6) mada,
madness; (7) garva, pride; (8) sanka, doubt; (9) trasa, shock; (10)
avega, intense emotion; (11) unmada, craziness; (12) apasmara,
forgetfulness; (13) vyadhi, disease; (14) moha, bewilderment; (15)
mriti, death; (16) alasya, laziness; (17) jadya, invalidity; (18)
vrida, shame; (19) avahittha, concealment; (20) smriti,
remembrance; (21) vitarka, argument; (22) cinta, contemplation;
(23) mati, attention; (24) dhriti, forbearance; (25) harsha,
jubilation; (26) autsukya, eagerness; (27) augrya, violence; (28)
amarsha, anger; (29) asuya, jealousy; (30) capalya, impudence; (31)
nidra, sleep; (32) supti, deep sleep and (33) prabodha,
‘kila-kincita’, ‘kuttamita’, ‘vilasa’, ‘lalita’
‘vivvoka’, ‘mottayita’, ara ‘maugdhya’, ‘cakita’
“Some of the symptoms critically explained in the following
verses are kilakincita, kuttamita, vilasa, lalita, vivvoka,
mottayita, maugdhya and cakita.
eta bhava-bhushaya bhushita sri-radhara anga
dekhite uthale krishna-sukhabdhi-taranga
“When Srimati Radharani’s body manifests the ornaments of many
ecstatic symptoms, the ocean of Krishna’s happiness immediately
displays transcendental waves.
kila-kincitadi-bhavera suna vivarana
ye bhava-bhushaya radha hare krishna-mana
“Now hear a description of different ecstasies, beginning with
kila-kincita. With these ecstatic ornaments, Srimati Radharani
enchants the mind of Krishna.
radha dekhi’ krishna yadi chunite kare mana
dana-ghati-pathe yabe varjena gamana
“When Sri Krishna sees Srimati Radharani and wants to touch
Her body, He prohibits Her from going to the spot where one can
cross the River Yamuna.
yabe asi’ mana kare pushpa uthaite
sakhi-age cahe yadi gaye hata dite
“Approaching Her, Krishna prohibits Srimati Radharani from
picking flowers. He may also touch Her in front of Her
ei-saba sthane ‘kila-kincita’ udgama
prathame ‘harsha’ sancari—mula karana
“At such times, the ecstatic symptoms of kila-kincita are
awakened. First there is jubilation in ecstatic love, which is the
root cause of these symptoms.
Whenever Srimati Radharani leaves Her house, She is always
well-dressed and attractive. It is Her womanly nature to attract
Sri Krishna’s attention, and upon seeing Her so attractively
dressed, Sri Krishna desires to touch Her body. The Lord then finds
some fault in Her and prohibits Her from going to a river crossing
and stops Her from picking flowers. Such are the pastimes between
Srimati Radharani and Sri Krishna. Being a cowherd girl, Srimati
Radharani regularly carries a container of milk and often goes to
sell it on the other side of the Yamuna. To cross the river, She
has to pay the boatman, and the spot where the boatman collects his
fares is called the dana-ghati. Lord Sri Krishna stops Her from
going, telling Her, “First You have to pay the fee; then You will
be allowed to go.” This pastime is called dana-keli-lila.
Similarly, if Srimati Radharani wants to pick a flower, Sri Krishna
claims to be the garden’s proprietor and prohibits Her. This
pastime is called kila-kincita. Radharani’s shyness arises due to
Sri Krishna’s prohibitions, and ecstatic loving bodily symptoms
called kila-kincita-bhava are manifest at this time. These ecstatic
symptoms are explained in the following verse, which is from Srila
Rupa Gosvami’s Ujjvala-nilamani (Anubhava-prakarana 44).
“ ‘Pride, ambition, weeping, smiling, envy, fear and anger are
the seven ecstatic loving symptoms manifest by a jubilant shrinking
away, and these symptoms are called kila-kincita-bhava.’
ara sata bhava asi’ sahaje milaya
asta-bhava-sammilane ‘mahabhava’ haya
“There are seven other transcendental ecstatic symptoms, and
when they combine on the platform of jubilation, the combination is
garva, abhilasha, bha ya, sushka-rudita
krodha, asuya haya, ara manda-smita
“The seven combined ingredients of mahabhava are pride,
ambition, fear, dry artificial crying, anger, envy and mild
nana-svadu ashta-bhava ekatra milana
yahara asvade tripta haya krishna-mana
“There are eight symptoms of ecstatic love on the platform of
transcendental jubilation, and when they are combined and tasted by
Krishna, the Lord’s mind is completely satisfied.
dadhi, khanda, ghrita, madhu, marica, karpura
elaci-milane yaiche rasala madhura
“Indeed, they are compared to a combination of yogurt, candy,
ghee, honey, black pepper, camphor and cardamom, which, when mixed
together, are very tasty and sweet.
ei bhava-yukta dekhi’ radhasya-nayana
sangama ha-ite sukha paya koti-guna
“Lord Sri Krishna is thousands upon thousands of times more
satisfied when He sees Srimati Radharani’s face light up from this
combination of ecstatic love than He is by direct union with
This is further explained in the following verse from the
Ujjvala-nilamani (Anubhava-prakarana 46) of Srila Rupa
antah smeratayojjvala jala-kana-vyakirna-pakshmankura
kincit patalitancala rasikatotsikta purah kuncati
ruddhayah pathi madhavena madhura-vyabhugna-torottara
radhayah kila-kincita-stavakini drishtih sriyam vah
“ ‘May the sight of Srimati Radharani’s kila-kincita ecstasy,
which is like a bouquet, bring good fortune to all. When Sri
Krishna blocked Radharani’s way to the dana-ghati, there was
laughter within Her heart. Her eyes grew bright, and fresh tears
flowed from Her eyes, reddening them. Due to Her sweet relationship
with Krishna, Her eyes were enthusiastic, and when Her crying
subsided, She appeared even more beautiful.’
helollasa-caladharam kutilita-bhru-yugmam udyat-smitam
radhayah kila-kincitancitam asau vikshyananam sangamad
anandam tam avapa koti-gunitam yo ’bhun na gir-gocarah
“ ‘Agitated by tears, Srimati Radharani’s eyes were tinged
with red, just like the eastern horizon at sunrise. Her lips began
to move with jubilation and lusty desire. Her eyebrows curved, and
Her lotus-like face smiled mildly. Seeing Radharani’s face exhibit
such emotion, Lord Sri Krishna felt a million times happier than
when He embraced Her. Indeed, Lord Sri Krishna’s happiness is not
at all mundane.’ ”
This is a quotation from the Govinda-lilamrita (9.18).
eta suni’ prabhu haila anandita mana
sukhavishta hana svarupe kaila alingana
Upon hearing this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu became very happy,
and, being absorbed in this happiness, He embraced Svarupa Damodara
‘vilasadi’-bhava-bhushara kaha ta’ lakshana
yei bhave radha hare govindera mana?
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then asked Svarupa Damodara, “Please
speak of the ecstatic ornaments decorating the body of Srimati
Radharani, by which She enchants the mind of Sri Govinda.”
tabe ta’ svarupa-gosani kahite lagila
suni’ prabhura bhakta-gana maha-sukha paila
Being thus requested, Svarupa Damodara began to speak. All the
devotees of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu were very happy to hear
radha vasi’ ache, kiba vrindavane yaya
tahan yadi acambite krishna-darasana paya
“Sometimes when Srimati Radharani is sitting or when She is
going to Vrindavana, She sometimes sees Krishna.
dekhite nana-bhava haya vilakshana
se vailakshanyera nama ‘vilasa’-bhushana
“The symptoms of various ecstasies that become manifest at
that time are called vilasa.
This is described in the following verse, taken from the
Ujjvala-nilamani (Anubhava-prakarana 31).
tatkalikam tu vaisishtyam
“ ‘The various symptoms manifested in a woman’s face, eyes,
and the other parts of her body and the way she moves, stands or
sits when she meets her beloved are called vilasa.’ ”
lajja, harsha, abhilasha, sambhrama, vamya, bhaya
eta bhava mili’ radhaya cancala karaya
Svarupa Damodara said, “Timidity, jubilation, ambition,
respect, fear and the characteristics of the left-wing gopis were
all ecstatic symptoms combined to agitate Srimati Radharani.
This is explained in the following verse found in the
purah krishnalokat sthagita-kutilasya gatir abhut
tirascinam krishnambara-dara-vritam sri-mukham api
calat-taram spharam nayana-yugam abhugnam iti sa
“ ‘When Srimati Radharani saw Lord Krishna just before Her,
Her progress stopped, and She assumed an attitude of opposition.
Although Her face was slightly covered by a blue garment, Her two
starry eyes were agitated, being wide and curved. Thus She was
decorated with the ornaments of vilasa, and Her beauty increased to
give pleasure to Sri Krishna, the Supreme Personality of
krishna-age radha yadi rahe dandana
tina-anga-bhange rahe bhru nacana
“When Srimati Radharani stands before Krishna, She stands bent
in three places—Her neck, waist and legs—and Her eyebrows
mukhe-netre haya nana-bhavera udgara
ei kanta-bhavera nama ‘lalita’-alankara
“When there is an awakening of various ecstatic features on
Srimati Radharani’s face and in Her eyes, the lalita ornaments are
sukumara bhaved yatra
lalitam tad udahritam
“ ‘When the bodily features are delicate and expertly curved,
and when the eyebrows are very beautifully agitated, the ornament
of charm, called lalita alankara, is manifest.’
This verse is from Ujjvala-nilamani (Anubhava-prakarana
lalita-bhushita radha dekhe yadi krishna
dunhe dunha milibare hayena satrishna
“When Lord Sri Krishna happens to see Srimati Radharani
decorated with these lalita ornaments, They both anxiously want to
meet one another.
priya-prityai sasid udita-lalitalankriti-yuta
“ ‘When Srimati Radharani was decorated with the ornament of
lalita-alankara, just to increase Sri Krishna’s love, an attractive
curve was manifest by Her neck, knees and waist. This was brought
about by Her timidity and apparent desire to avoid Krishna. The
flickering movements of Her eyebrows could conquer the powerful bow
of Cupid. To increase the joy of Her beloved’s love, Her body was
decorated with the ornaments of lalita-alankara.’
This verse is quoted from the Govinda-lilamrita (9.14).
lobhe asi’ krishna kare kancukakarshana
antare ullasa, radha kare nivarana
“When Krishna comes forward and greedily snatches at the
border of Radharani’s sari, She is actually very pleased within,
but overtly She tries to stop Him.
bahire vamata-krodha, bhitare sukha mane
‘kuttamita’-nama ei bhava-vibhushane
“This ecstatic dress of Srimati Radharani’s is called
kuttamita. When it is manifest, She externally tries to avoid
Krishna, and She apparently becomes angry, although She is very
hrit-pritav api sambhramat
bahih krodho vyathitavat
proktam kuttamitam budhaih
“ ‘When the border of Her sari and the cloth veiling Her face
are caught, She externally appears offended and angry, but within
Her heart She is very happy. Learned scholars call this attitude
This is a quotation from Ujjvala-nilamani (Anubhava-prakarana
krishna-vancha purna haya, kare pani-rodha
antare ananda radha, bahire vamya-krodha
“Although Srimati Radharani was checking Her sari with Her
hand, internally She was thinking, ‘Let Krishna satisfy His
desires.’ In this way She was very pleased within, although She
externally displayed opposition and anger.
vyatha pana’ kare yena sushka rodana
ishat hasiya krishne karena bhartsana
“Srimati Radharani externally displays a kind of dry crying,
as if She is offended. Then She mildly smiles and admonishes Lord
bhartsanas ca madhura-smita-garbhah
madhavasya kurute karabhorur
hari sushka-ruditam ca mukhe ’pi
“ ‘Actually She has no desire to stop Krishna’s endeavor to
touch Her body with His hands, yet Srimati Radharani, whose thighs
are like the trunk of a baby elephant, protests His advances and,
sweetly smiling, admonishes Him. At such times She cries without
tears on Her charming face.’
ei-mata ara saba bhava-vibhushana
yahate bhushita radha hare krishna mana
“In this way, Srimati Radharani is ornamented and decorated
with various ecstatic symptoms, which attract the mind of Sri
ananta krishnera lila na yaya varnana
apane varnena yadi ‘sahasra-vadana’
“It is not at all possible to describe the unlimited pastimes
of Sri Krishna, even though He Himself describes them in His
incarnation of Sahasra-vadana, the thousand-mouthed Sesha
srivasa hasiya kahe,—suna, damodara
amara lakshmira dekha sampatti vistara
This time, Srivasa Thakura smiled and told Damodara Pandita,
“My dear sir, please hear! Just see how opulent my goddess of
vrindavanera sampad dekha,—pushpa-kisalaya
“As far as Vrindavana’s opulence is concerned, it consists of
a few flowers and twigs, some minerals from the hills, a few
peacock feathers and the plant known as gunja.
vrindavana dekhibare gela jagannatha
suni’ lakshmi-devira mane haila asoyatha
“When Jagannatha decided to see Vrindavana, He went there, and
upon hearing this, the goddess of fortune experienced restlessness
eta sampatti chadi’ kene gela vrindavana
tanre hasya karite lakshmi karila sajana
“She wondered, ‘Why did Lord Jagannatha give up so much
opulence and go to Vrindavana?’ To make Him a laughingstock, the
goddess of fortune made arrangements for much decoration.
“tomara thakura, dekha eta sampatti chadi’
patra-phala-phula-lobhe gela pushpa-badi
“Then the maidservants of the goddess of fortune said to the
servants of Lord Jagannatha, ‘Why did your Lord Jagannatha abandon
the great opulence of the goddess of fortune and, for the sake of a
few leaves, fruits and flowers, go see the flower garden of Srimati
ei karma kare kahan vidagdha-siromani?
lakshmira agrete nija prabhure deha’ ani’ ”
“ ‘Your master is so expert at everything, but why does He do
such things? Please bring your master before the goddess of
eta bali’ maha-lakshmira saba dasi-gane
kati-vastre bandhi’ ane prabhura nija-gane
“In this way all the maidservants of the goddess of fortune
arrested the servants of Jagannatha, bound them around the waist
and brought them before the goddess of fortune.
lakshmira carane ani’ karaya pranati
dhana-danda laya, ara karaya minati
“When all the maidservants brought Lord Jagannatha’s servants
before the lotus feet of the goddess of fortune, the Lord’s
servants were fined and forced to submit.
rathera upare kare dandera tadana
cora-praya kare jagannathera sevaka-gana
“All the maidservants began to beat the Ratha car with sticks,
and they treated the servants of Lord Jagannatha almost like
saba bhritya-gana kahe,—yoda kari’ hata
‘kali ani diba tomara age jagannatha,
“Finally all of Lord Jagannatha’s servants submitted to the
goddess of fortune with folded hands, assuring her that they would
bring Lord Jagannatha before her the very next day.
tabe santa hana lakshmi yaya nija ghara
amara lakshmira sampad—vakya-agocara
“Being thus pacified, the goddess of fortune returned to her
apartment. Just see! My goddess of fortune is opulent beyond all
dugdha auti’ dadhi mathe tomara gopi-gane
amara thakurani vaise ratna-simhasane
Srivasa Thakura continued to address Svarupa Damodara: “Your
gopis are engaged in boiling milk and churning it to turn it into
yogurt, but my mistress, the goddess of fortune, sits on a throne
made of jewels and gems.”
narada-prakriti srivasa kare parihasa
suni’ hase mahaprabhura yata nija-dasa
Srivasa Thakura, who was enjoying the mood of Narada Muni,
thus made jokes. Hearing him, all the personal servants of Sri
Caitanya Mahaprabhu began to smile.
prabhu kahe,—srivasa, tomate narada-svabhava
aisvarya-bhave tomate, isvara-prabhava
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then told Srivasa Thakura, “My dear
Srivasa, your nature is exactly like that of Narada Muni. The
Supreme Personality of Godhead’s opulence is having a direct
influence upon you.
aisvarya na jane inho suddha-preme bhasi’
“Svarupa Damodara is a pure devotee of Vrindavana. He does not
even know what opulence is, for he is simply absorbed in pure
svarupa kahe,—srivasa, suna savadhane
vrindavana-sampad tomara nahi pade mane?
Svarupa Damodara then retorted, “My dear Srivasa, please hear
me with attention. You have forgotten the transcendental opulence
vrindavane sahajika ye sampat-sindhu
dvaraka-vaikuntha-sampat—tara eka bindu
“The natural opulence of Vrindavana is just like an ocean. The
opulence of Dvaraka and Vaikuntha is not even to be compared to a
parama purushottama svayam bhagavan
krishna yahan dhani tahan vrindavana-dhama
“Sri Krishna is the Supreme Personality of Godhead full of all
opulences, and His complete opulences are exhibited only in
cintamani-maya bhumi ratnera bhavana
“Vrindavana-dhama is made of transcendental touchstone. Its
entire surface is the source of all valuable jewels, and the
cintamani stone is used to decorate the lotus feet of the
maidservants of Vrindavana.
pushpa-phala vina keha na mage anya dhana
“Vrindavana is a natural forest of desire trees and creepers,
and the inhabitants do not want anything but the fruits and flowers
of those desire trees.
ananta kama-dhenu tahan phire vane vane
dugdha-matra dena, keha na mage anya dhane
“In Vrindavana there are cows that fulfill all desires
[kama-dhenus], and their number is unlimited. They graze from
forest to forest and deliver only milk. The people want nothing
sahaja lokera katha—yahan divya-gita
sahaja gamana kare,—yaiche nritya-pratita
“In Vrindavana, the natural speech of the people sounds like
music, and their natural motion resembles a dance.
sarvatra jala—yahan amrita-samana
cid-ananda jyotih svadya—yahan murtiman
“The water in Vrindavana is nectar, and the brahmajyoti
effulgence, which is full of transcendental bliss, is directly
perceived there in its form.
lakshmi jini’ guna yahan lakshmira samaja
krishna-vamsi kare yahan priya-sakhi-kaya
“The gopis there are also goddesses of fortune, and they
surpass the goddess of fortune who abides in Vaikuntha. In
Vrindavana, Lord Krishna is always playing His transcendental
flute, which is His dear companion.
sriyah kantah kantah parama-purushah kalpa-taravo
druma bhumis cintamani-gana-mayi toyam amritam
katha ganam natyam gamanam api vamsi priya-sakhi
cid-anandam jyotih param api tad asvadyam api ca
“ ‘The damsels of Vrindavana, the gopis, are super goddesses
of fortune. The enjoyer in Vrindavana is the Supreme Personality of
Godhead Krishna. The trees there are all wish-fulfilling trees, and
the land is made of transcendental touchstone. The water is all
nectar, the talking is singing, the walking is dancing, and the
constant companion of Krishna is His flute. The effulgence of
transcendental bliss is experienced everywhere. Therefore
Vrindavana-dhama is the only relishable abode.’
This is a quotation from Brahma-samhita (5.56).
cintamanis carana-bhushanam angananam
sringara-pushpa-taravas taravah suranam
vrindavane vraja-dhanam nanu kama-dhenu-
vrindani ceti sukha-sindhur aho vibhutih
“ ‘The anklets on the damsels of Vraja-bhumi are made of
cintamani stone. The trees are wish-fulfilling trees, and they
produce flowers with which the gopis decorate themselves. There are
also wish-fulfilling cows [kama dhenus], which deliver unlimited
quantities of milk. These cows constitute the wealth of Vrindavana.
Thus Vrindavana’s opulence is blissfully exhibited.’ ”
This is a verse written by Bilvamangala Thakura.
suni’ premavese nritya kare srinivasa
kaksha-tali bajaya, kare atta-atta hasa
Srivasa then began to dance in ecstatic love. He vibrated
sounds by slapping his armpits with the palms of his hands, and he
laughed very loudly.
radhara suddha-rasa prabhu avese sunila
sei rasavese prabhu nritya arambhila
Thus Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard these discussions about the
pure transcendental mellow of Srimati Radharani. Absorbed in
transcendental ecstasy, the Lord began to dance.
rasavese prabhura nritya, svarupera gana
‘bala’ ‘bala’ bali’ prabhu pate nija-kana
While Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was dancing in ecstatic love and
Svarupa Damodara was singing, the Lord said, “Go on singing! Go on
singing!” The Lord then extended His own ears.
vraja-rasa-gita suni’ prema uthalila
purushottama-grama prabhu preme bhasaila
Thus Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s ecstatic love was awakened by
hearing the songs of Vrindavana. In this way He inundated
Purushottama, Jagannatha Puri, with love of Godhead.
lakshmi-evi yatha-kale gela nija-ghara
prabhu nritya kare, haila tritiya prahara
Finally the goddess of fortune returned to her apartment. In
due course of time, as Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was dancing,
cari sampradaya gana kari’ bahu sranta haila
mahaprabhura premavesa dviguna badila
After much singing, all four sankirtana parties grew fatigued,
but Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu’s ecstatic love increased
radha-premavese prabhu haila sei murti
nityananda dure dekhi’ karilena stuti
While dancing absorbed in Srimati Radharani’s ecstatic love,
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu appeared in Her very form. Seeing this from
a distant place, Nityananda Prabhu offered prayers.
nityananda dekhiya prabhura bhavavesa
nikate na aise, rahe kichu dura-desa
Seeing the ecstatic love of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
Nityananda Prabhu did not approach but remained a little distance
nityananda vina prabhuke dhare kon jana
prabhura avesa na yaya, na rahe kirtana
Only Nityananda Prabhu could catch Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu,
but the ecstatic mood of the Lord would not stop. At the same time,
kirtana could not be continued.
bhangi kari’ svarupa sabara srama janaila
bhakta-ganera srama dekhi’ prabhura bahya haila
Svarupa Damodara then informed the Lord that all the devotees
were fatigued. Seeing this situation, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came
to His external senses.
saba bhakta lana prabhu gela pushpodyane
visrama kariya kaila madhyahnika snane
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then entered the flower garden with
all His devotees. After resting there for some time, He finished
His afternoon bath.
jagannathera prasada aila bahu upahara
lakshmira prasada aila vividha prakara
Then there arrived in large quantities a variety of food that
had been offered to Sri Jagannatha and a variety that had been
offered to the goddess of fortune.
saba lana nana-range karila bhojana
sandhya snana kari’ kaila jagannatha darasana
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu finished His afternoon lunch, and
after His evening bath, He went to see Lord Jagannatha.
jagannatha dekhi’ karena nartana-kirtana
narendre jala-krida kare lana bhakta-gana
As soon as He saw Lord Jagannatha, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu
began to chant and dance. Afterward, accompanied by His devotees,
the Lord enjoyed sporting in the lake called
udyane asiya kaila vana-bhojana
ei-mata krida kaila prabhu ashta-dina
Then, entering the flower garden, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu took
His meal. In this way He continuously performed all kinds of
pastimes for eight days.
ara dine jagannathera bhitara-vijaya
rathe cadi’ jagannatha cale nijalaya
The next day Lord Jagannatha came out from the temple and,
riding on the car, returned to His own abode.
purvavat kaila prabhu lana bhakta-gana
parama anande karena nartana-kirtana
As previously, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and His devotees again
chanted and danced with great pleasure.
jagannathera punah pandu-vijaya ha-ila
eka guti patta-dori tanha tuti’ gela
During the Pandu-vijaya, Lord Jagannatha was carried, and
while He was being carried, a bunch of silken ropes broke.
pandu-vijayera tuli phati-phuti yaya
jagannathera bhare tula udiya palaya
When the Jagannatha Deity is carried, at intervals He is
placed on cotton pads. When the ropes broke, the cotton pads also
broke due to the weight of Lord Jagannatha, and the cotton floated
in the air.
kulina-grami ramananda, satyaraja khanna
tanre ajna dila prabhu kariya sammana
Ramananda and Satyaraja Khan were present from Kulina-grama,
and Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, with great respect, gave them the
ei patta-dorira tumi hao yajamana
prati-vatsara anibe ‘dori’ kariya nirmana
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu ordered Ramananda and Satyaraja Khan
to become the worshipers of these ropes and every year bring silken
ropes from their village.
It is understood that silken rope was being manufactured by
the local inhabitants of Kulina-grama; therefore Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu asked Ramananda Vasu and Satyaraja Khan to get ropes
every year for Lord Jagannatha’s service.
eta bali’ dila tanre chinda patta-dori
iha dekhi’ karibe dori ati dridha kari’
After telling them this, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu showed them
the broken silken ropes, saying, “Just look at this sample. You
must make ropes that are much stronger.”
ei patta-dorite haya ‘sesha’-adhishthana
dasa-murti hana yenho seve bhagavan
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu then informed Ramananda and Satyaraja
Khan that this rope was the abode of Lord Sesha, who expands
Himself into ten forms and serves the Supreme Personality of
For a description of Sesha Naga, refer to Adi-lila
bhagyavan satyaraja vasu ramananda
seva-ajna pana haila parama-ananda
After receiving orders from the Lord for the rendering of
service, the fortunate Satyaraja and Ramananda Vasu were highly
prati vatsara gundicate bhakta-gana-sange
patta-dori lana aise ati bada range
Every year thereafter, when the Gundica temple was being
cleansed, Satyaraja and Ramananda Vasu would come with other
devotees and with great pleasure bring silken rope.
tabe jagannatha yai’ vasila simhasane
mahaprabhu ghare aila lana bhakta-gane
Thus Lord Jagannatha returned to His temple and sat on His
throne while Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu returned to His residence with
ei-mata bhakta-gane yatra dekhaila
bhakta-gana lana vrindavana-keli kaila
Thus Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu showed the Ratha-yatra ceremony
to His devotees and performed the Vrindavana pastimes with
caitanya-gosanira lila—ananta, apara
‘sahasra-vadana’ yara nahi paya para
The pastimes of Lord Caitanya are unlimited and endless. Even
Sahasravadana, Lord Sesha, cannot reach the limits of His
sri-rupa-raghunatha-pade yara asa
caitanya-caritamrita kahe krishnadasa
Praying at the lotus feet of Sri Rupa and Sri Raghunatha,
always desiring their mercy, I, Krishnadasa, narrate Sri
Caitanya-caritamrita, following in their footsteps.
Thus end the Bhaktivedanta purports to Sri
Caitanya-caritamrita, Madhya-lila, Fourteenth Chapter, describing