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What is the possible root cause of this material world?
Not possible but definite root cause of this material creation is when the living entities by misusing there independence, desire to enjoy themselves, develop a consciousness of duality, come to hate the service of the Lord and wants to enjoy independently, imitate the activities of the Lord, captured by the false notion want to take a position as an enjoyer (BG 7.27). Then as in the spiritual world there is no duality, nor is there hate, indeed Supreme personality of God head, Lord Krsna, the ocean of mercy, since He is the supreme father, His affection for the living entity is eternal therefore to facilitate rebellions, let them enjoy independently, creates this kind of separate material cosmic manifestation, through His some of from the innumerable material energies. Just like sometimes children want to imitate their mother and cook in the kitchen. At such a time the mother supplies them with some toys so that the children remain engaged and enjoy cooking. Children became so much involved in playing that they forget everything for the time being but as soon they become tired and hungry then realized that those playing thing unable to pacify them so in a moment by abandoning everything runs to mother. Similarly, the living entity, being influenced by so many desires, wanders in different species of life according to destiny. But God waits patiently for us to learn our lessons. He wants us to realize for ourselves that, no matter how big and powerful we become, we can never be happy without loving him. So, primarily He allows us to love whatever we want, thus created material world.
When the living entity or soul first came to existence and when it will finish?
In the Vedas it is stated: asańgo'yaḿ puruṣaḥ. The living entity is actually separate from material existence, for the soul is not material, the superior energy, to be understood beginning less and endless. There was no time when the souls were not exists, always there with super soul. But in the Prema-vivarta it is said: the natural position of the living entity is to serve the Lord in a transcendental loving attitude. So while having very exalted position, the living entity instead becomes entangled in a repetition of birth and death by the influence of three modes of nature. He accepts different apartments or different bodily forms, and then travels throughout the entire universe. Sometimes he travels in the higher planets or heaven, sometimes in the lower planet or hell. Sometimes he travels in higher species, sometimes in lower species. He selects his position as a human being, a demigod, a cat, a dog, a tree, etc. In this way the living entity selects a body out of the 8,400,000 forms and tries to satisfy himself by a variety of material enjoyment. Thus he has been wandering within this material universe since time immemorial as confirmed in SB-4.29.30, 31 The living entity is exactly like a dog who, overcome with hunger, goes from door to door for some food. According to his destiny, he sometimes receives punishment and is driven out and at other times receives a little food to eat.
The Lord however does not like him to do this, but he tirelessly waits to turn to him. As soon souls get the slightest such desire, He starts providing facilities to love him again, Through His swāṁśa expansion like Paramātmā or super soul, keeps company with the living entity. Consequently, the Super soul instructs him to surrender. But unless the living entity is uncontaminated by material desires, he cannot surrender to the Supreme Lord. In this way the living entity may someday return home, back to Godhead. Thus confirmed in SB- (8.16): ābrahma-bhuvanāl lokāḥ, punar āvartino ’rjuna, mām upetya tu kaunteya, punar janma na vidyate- “From the highest planet in the material world down to the lowest, all are places of misery wherein repeated birth and death take place. But one who attains to My abode, O son of Kuntī, never takes birth again.”
How come a Soul, which is completely spiritual, may grows modes of passion, sense enjoyment, hate, false ego etc. in spiritual world?
That nature of the living entity is not very difficult to understand. Practically even now a day we see although born in a Brahman family, where there are strict restrictions against meat eating, intoxication, gambling and illicit sex; still most of the people want to enjoy these forbidden things. There is always some people who wants to go to a prostitute, to hotel for meat and wine, or to the casino. All these propensities of sense enjoyment are already within the hearts of the living entities.
Another important consideration is in God's law there is no loophole, everything is perfect, He does not dictate the soul 100% but provide certain level of Independency or freewill, called "swa-dṛk", meaning “one who can see his own welfare.” But as the living entity’s constitutional position is very minute, thus he can be naturally misled in his choice. He may choose to imitate the Supreme Personality of Godhead. A servant may desire to start his own business and imitate his master, and when he chooses to do so, he may leave the protection of his master. Sometimes he is a failure, and sometimes he is successful. Similarly, the living entity, part and parcel of Kṛṣṇa, starts his own business to compete with the Lord. Thus confirme by Lord Krsna in 3.27: prakṛteḥ kriyamāṇāni, guṇaiḥ karmāṇi sarvaśaḥ, ahaṅkāra-vimūḍhātmā, kartāham iti manyate.“The bewildered spirit soul, under the influence of the three modes of material nature, thinks himself the doer of activities that are in actuality carried out by nature.” As soon as one desires to enjoy his senses, he puts himself under the control of material energy and automatically, or mechanically, is placed into the cycle of birth and death in various life forms.
And how the material world manifested?
The Supreme Personality of Godhead Krsna says in BG-10.8: ahaṁ sarvasya prabhavo mattaḥ sarvaṁ pravartate “I am the source of all spiritual and material worlds. Everything emanates from Me.” It is by the glance of the Lord that the material energy is activated and the three material qualities: goodness, passion and ignorance is manifested first in the form of the mahat-tattva, then egotism, then ether, then air, fire, water and earth. After the creation, in order to enjoy bliss more and more, the Supreme Lord expands Himself to different categories of viṣṇu-tattva or swāṁśa expansion and marginal potency or the vibhinnāṁśa, or the living entity. These expanded living entities are innumerable, just as the minute molecules of sunshine are innumerable expansions of the sun. The living entities are impregnated in the cosmic manifestation. At first the topmost living entity emerge as Lord Brahmā and from him the seven great ṛiṣis, then as different demigods and manus. From them come human beings, animals, trees, birds, beasts and everything else.
Remarkably the living entity first accepts a body that is human in form, but gradually, due to his degraded activities, he falls into lower forms of life -into the animal, plant and aquatic forms. By the gradual process of evolution, the living entity again attains the body of a human being and is given another chance to get out of the process of transmigration. If he again misses his chance in the human form to understand his position, he is again placed in the cycle of birth and death in various types of bodies.
When was man created? How old is the universe and when will it end?
According to the Darwinian theory of the anthropologists, it is said that forty thousand years ago Homo sapiens had not appeared on this planet because the process of evolution had not reached that point.
According to Christian scripture Genesis, Adam and Eve were the first human beings created by God, 6000 years ago and the age of the World is also the same. They have no idea when the World will end. The Islamic scriptures do not mention the age of the Universe nor man but they accept the authority of the Christian scriptures.
However, only the Vedic histories the Purāṇas and Mahābhārata relate human histories that extend millions and millions of years into the past. In the beginning of creation there was a very intelligent personality, Lord Brahmā, the first living being created by Lord Vishnu, 155.522 trillion years ago. From him the Manu, the first man was created. There are many manus but the first one existed 155.522 trillion years ago. Interestingly the bones of Man dating back to millions of years can be seen in museums around the World. Even an old skull of a girl found in Africa which has carbon dated 3.3 million year.
The modern scientists estimate the age of the Universe to be at least 15 Billion years, but the scientists are always increasing their estimates. The Vedic scriptures states that there are many cycles of creation and annihilation within the large cycle of creation. In the current small cycle, we have existed for around 2 Billion years and after 2.32 Billion years approximately the current small cycle will end then another small cycle will start. In the large cycle this Universe has existed for 155.522 trillion years and after 155.518 trillion years the large cycle will end with complete destruction then another large cycle will start.
The vast difference between the Vedic figure of 155.522 trillion and the scientists’ estimate of 15 billion years is due to the fact that all human knowledge is based on imperfect human senses and human limitations. In the future the scientists may have the enough intelligence and instruments to measure in trillions.
1. How God exist?
This is an usual question by most of the people. There shouldn't always be a reason how He exists. That is why He is God. That is His utmost free will how & why to exist. This has been verified & supported by many learned scholars all over the world.
2. Why God needed to made this all materialistic world? & 3. Why he sent all of us in this miserable world, if he Love us?
God made this material world because we wanted to enjoy separately from Him. It was solely our desire because of which this was created we were sent here to experience that we can't enjoy separately from Him. That is why we experience miseries.
The child is given a bitter medicine just to get cured but at the time of taking the medicine he feels the misery, similarly we are also experiencing misery but if we take it positively and turn to God, we will also get cured of this attachment of enjoying separately from Krishna & go back to Him for eternal happiness.