Ten avatars of Vishnu

Hare Krishna 


The ten avataras of Vishnu (dashavatara) are:

1) Matsya 

2) Kurma 

3) Varaha

4) Nrsimha 

5) Vamana

6) Parasurama

7) Ram

8) Krishna 

9) Buddha 

10) Kalki

Is it correct?

Are they in the correct sequence?

For example: chronologically it appears that Matsya came at the end of Caksusa Manu period who was the sixth Manu and beginning of Vaivasvata Manu who is the seventh and currently the Manu of this kalpa or day of Brahma. That is not too long ago considering that there are fourteen Manus in one kalpa. 

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    • Hare Krishna 

      To be specific I was referring to the ten main avataras of Lord Jagganatha as described by Jayadeva Gosvami. I was intrigued because there are so many number and types of avataras. There are the three Purushavataras and Guna avataras, manvantar-avataras, saktyavesa avataras, yuga-avataras and lila-avataras, so why name only ten and on what basis?

      However, what is long ago for you may not be so long ago when we choose a better frame of reference than the average life span of a human being. The total life span of this universe is 311 trillion 40 billion years as per Bhagavad Gita as it is 8.17 Purport. Half of which has passed and that is more than 155 trillion years. Even if the Matsya avatar as per your calculation appeared 2 or 3 billion years ago that is a very small fraction as compared to the life of the universe already passed.

      Secondly, you are incorrect in saying that there are fourteen manus during Brahma's night which although is the same in duration as the day. According to Bhagavad Gita as it is, 8.19 ,all living entities are annihilated at the arrival of Brahma's night, not that there is a pralay at the end of Brahma's night. 14 × 30 = 420 manus in one month of Brahma. 420 × 12 = 5040 manus in one year and 504000 in life span of Brahma like you said yourself. Therefore part of what you have said, the maths part, is self contradictory!

      Hari Bol

      • Hare Krishna,

        Accidentally my previous reply got deleted. Anyways you are right there that only in day time of Brahma the chaturyugas and Mahayugas happen and 14 manus appear. Night time there is dissolution.

        rest all what I said Is as per the books. 

        SB 3.22.35- One yuga is completed in 4,320,000 years, seventy-one of such yugas is the duration of the life of a Manu, and fourteen such Manus come and go in one day of Brahma.

        SB 4.24.42-- There are fourteen Manus in one day of Brahmā, 420 in one month, all the Manus are directors of human society, ultimately Kṛṣṇa is the supreme director of human society.

        SB 4-30.49.--There are fourteen Manus in one day of Brahmā. In a year there are 5,040 Manus. Brahmā has to live for one hundred years; consequently, the total of Manus appearing and disappearing during the life of one Brahmā is 504,000.

        BG 8.17- "By human calculation, a thousand ages taken together is the duration of Brahmā's one day. And such also is the duration of his night." Brahmā's one day consists of one thousand cycles of the four yugas—Satya, Tretā, Dvāpara and Kali.

        We are at present in the 51's yr of the Brahama's total life span of 100 yrs.

        On which day we don't know. 

        in a day itself 1000X 4 yugas happen.  

        you are talking about Cakshusa manu ( during that Matsya avatara took place ) that one or the matsya avatara which took place when the 4 yugas are repeated in this Vaivasta manu time period itself. so that is my question.

        Because even in Vaivatsava manavantara also.. the chaturyugas are repeatedly taking place.

        so I am not so sure what are you refering too. But ya matsya avatara keeps coming.

        We are in 28th chaturyuga  ( 71 Chatur-yugas = 1 Manvantara (1 life span of Manu)) so I mean to say in Vaivasvata manu time periods which is being taking place right now also. we have completed  ( satyuga, treta , dwapar,  in kali right now). so Matsya avatara has happened in satyuga even in Vaivasvata manu time period nearly 28 times already. 

        We are in the 28th charturyuga of the Vaivasvatha manu time period, of Sweta varaha Kalpa. ( the day of Barahma when the Varaha avatara lifted the Earth). That too on the 28th Kaliyuga of vaivasatha manu.

        So are you saying Matsyaa avatara of Caksusha manu or matasya avatara of Vaivasva manu time period.

        because the gap is too too long Is u are saying about Matasya avatar of Cakshusa manu time period.

        Now I know this much only. I don't know more than this.

        Hare Krishna.

        • Hare Krishna 

          According to Srimad Bhagavatam 8.24, At the end of the previous kalpa there was a demon named Hayagriva who wanted to steal the knowledge of the Vedas from Brahma, so the Lord incarnated as the Matsya avatara at the beginning of Svayamvbhuva Manu period and saved the Vedas.
          The Lord incarnated as the Matsya avatara for the second time during the end of the Caksusa Manu period when the pious king Satyavrata ruled. This Satyavrata became Sraddhadeva, who came to be known as the seventh or Vaivasata Manu.
          Thus it can be seen that the pastimes of the Lord in a particular incarnation are unlimited because the Lord has an eternal transcendental body. They are always going on somewhere in some universe. Same is the case with Varaha incarnation who is also mentioned to have appeared twice in recent memory according to the authority of Srimad Bhagavatam. By recent we mean this day or Kalpa of Brahma or the previous kalpa. According to the tremendous life span of Brahma that is not much. My question refers to Lord Jaganatha and his ten principal incarnations of which Matsya is one, it seems there is no definite chronology of the appearance of the Lord's incarnations since they are all eternal.

          Hari Bol 


  • Sevak

    Hare Krsna 

    Yes the sequence is correct. These are during the time of  Vaivasvata Manu itself. Even within one manu there are many many avatars (other than the 10 listed) 


    Hare Krsna

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