Connecting Devotees Worldwide - In Service Of Srila Prabhupada
|An Appeal About Us Donate Contact Us|
Sri Navadvipa Dham
All glories to Lord Caitania. The moon of Navadvipa & son of mother Saci! All glories to Nityananda Raya, the avadhuta! All glories to Sri Advaita Prabhu, the Supreme Lord! All glories to Sri Gadadhara & Srivasa Pandita! All glories to Navadvipa-dahama, the essence of all dhamas! And all glories to the residents of Navadvipa, the associates of Gouranga!
He who lives in Navadvipa – dhama is very fortunate, for he achieves attraction for Krishna. He who happens to go there becomes freed from all offenses. What one attains by traveling to all the holy places is attained just by remembering navadvipa. In this way the scriptures sing. He who sees navadvipa-dhama gets ecstatic love of Krishna birth after birth. Even one who goes to Navadvipa desiring to gain material comforts through pious activities will not take another birth. The sastras say that one who walks around Navadvipa attains the fruit of millions of asvamedha yajyas at every step. And one who lives in Navadvipa and chants mantras obtains the sound of Caitania as his mantra and easily gets free from maya. What yogis obtain after the years at other tirthas is obtained in three nights at Navadvipa.
Navadvipa-dhama within Gausa-mandala is served by the Ganges and situated in eternal splendor. This Gausa-mandala is one hundred sixty- eight miles in circumference, with the Ganges running through the center. Gausa-mandala takes the form of hundred – petaled lotus with the most beautiful Navadvipa in the center. The circumference of the central stamen of the flower, or Navadvipa, is thirty two miles. Outside this are the hundred petals of Gausa-mandala, whose circumference measures one hundred sixty eight miles. According to the scriptures, the diameter of Gausa – mandala is 56 miles and the radius is 28 miles. The center point, situated within Navadvipa, is the Yogapitha, the sacred spiritual abode where the Lord advented.
The whole of Gausa-mandala is cintamani, or touchstone, yielding all desires. The dhama is full of knowledge and bliss and is completely spiritual. The water, the land the tress-everything in the dhama is spiritual, unlike the dull matter of this material world. Always present in the dhama are Krishna’s 3 spiritual energies – sandhini, samvit and hladini. Krishna’s original energy, svarupa sakti, manifests in these three divisons. Of these, the sandhini energy, which supports all existence, finds its perfect function in manifesting the eternal dhama. In that position, the dhama acts eternally as the base or support for the the Lord’s appearance and activities. All this is the action of the inconceivable energy of the Lord, which is anti-material and completely transcendental. transcendental.
This Island is represents the devotional process of Atma Nivedanam, full surrender to the Lord. Antardvipa is the central island of Navadvipa, situated on the eastern bank of Ganga. The circumference of this island is the ten miles. Antardvipa is the first island visited during the Navadvipa dhama Parikrama. Yogapitha, where the Lord Sri Gauranga Mahaprabhu appeared, is located here. Antardvipa is compared to Gokula Mahavana of Vraja Mandal where Lord Sri Krishna took birth.
Place to visit on this island are:
a) Yogapitha(Birth place of Lord Gauranga),
b) Srivasa Angana,
c) Sri Advaita Bhavana,
d) Sri Gadadhara Angana,
e) Sri Caitanya Matha,
f) Bharadvaja Tila,
g) Murari Gupta Sripata,
h) Sridhara Angana and
i) Nandan Acharya’s House.
Non Different from Gokula
The petal (island) of Antardvipa in the lotus flower of Navadvipa-dhama is non-different from Gokula of Vrndavana. And in the center of Antardvipa is Mayapur, which is non-different from Mahavana forest, the center of Gokula. It is the smallest island and is in the center, just as the stamen of a lotus flower is the smallest part of the flower and rests in the center.
Antardvipa’s Secret Revelation
Antar means ‘secret’ and dvipa means ‘island’ and this island is where Krishna revealed His internal secret feeling about His future appearance as Lord Gauranga Mahaprabhu. Once Lord Brahma saw Krishna a small cowherd boy, kill Aghasura, a demon so powerful that even the demigods fled in fear of him. Brahma then saw Aghasura’s soul merge into Krishna’s body. After this, Krishna sat down with His cowherd boyfriends to take Prasadam together. At first Brahma was thinking Krishna was his worship-able Lord, Lord Narayana, but when he Saw Krishna taking the prasadam given to Him by His friends, Brahma knew this definitely was not Narayana.
To test who Krishna actually was, Brahma stole the cowherd boys and calves and hid them in a cave. Krishna, however, replaced everyone by expanding Himself into all the calves and cowherd boys. Brahma ji was confused. He had just hidden the cowherd boys and calves in a cave, but was again seeing them all with Krishna. Krishna then revealed to Lord Brahma ji that they actually His Vishnu expansions, and, on seeing this, Brahma ji realized Krishna was indeed his worshipable Lord Narayana and that he had made great offense.
Lord Brahma surrendered to Krishna offering many prayers. Although Krishna forgave him and told him there was nothing to worry about, Brahma still regretted his mistake. He came here and performed austerities to attain the grace of Lord Caitanya.
Lord Brahma became overwhelmed and fell unconscious upon seeing Caitanya Mahaprabhu's most Resplendent golden form. Regaining his senses, Brahma requested Gaurasundara that he is allowed to appear in His next pastimes and that he also take a low birth. This way he would become humble and not again fall victim to pride. Lord Caitanya granted Brahma his request by saying he would appear in a Muslim family and become Haridasa Thakura, the nama-acdrya famous for his humility and chanting 300,000 names of Krishna every day.
Lord Caitanya continued, "Brahma, heard these secret (antar) words but do not reveal them openly in the scriptures. Taking the role of a devotee, I will taste the nectar of Bhakti Rasa and propagate the rarest process of Sankirtana. I will make the devotees of all the previous Avataras drunk with the nectar of Vrindavana. The love that Sri Radhika possesses is beyond My experience, so I will appear with Her sentiments and complexion. Taking the position of Radha, I will taste that happiness that only Radha obtains in serving Me. From today act as My disciple and, in the form of Haridasa, always serve Me."
The appearance place of the Lord is known as Yoga Pitha, and is situated at the very center of Mayapur. "Yoga" means connection, "Yoga Pitha" means the place where the Lord connects Himself to this earth, or descends to this earth. This is the home of Jagannatha Mishra. Another meaning of Yoga Pitha is "a meeting place." At this place all the associates of the Lord meet with Him to participate in His pastimes.
In 1893, Bhaktivinoda Thakura established Yoga Pitha as the actual site of Lord Caitanya's appearance. He personally collected the funds to purchase this land and built a small temple here. This was completed in 1906 at which time he also installed the deities of Gaura-Narayarya and His two wives, Laksmipriya and Vishnupriya.
Bhaktivinoda Thakura's son and spiritual successor, Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, built the present temple in 1934. It was inaugurated on Gaura-Purnima day in 1953 at which time Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura installed the remaining Deities on the left and right altars.
Practical Guide to Yoga Pitha
Darsana times: 8.30am to 11 am and 3.30pm to 8 pm.
Directions: Turn right outside the main gate of ISKCON and proceed down Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Marga for one kilometer. Yoga Pttha is on the right side of the road and has an ornate main gate. A rickshaw there and back costs about Rs 20.
1. On the right side just inside the main gate is a small temple where Bhaktivinoda Thakura is worshiped.
2. A few steps ahead on the left are the main temple which has 100 feet high tower. In this temple on the left altar are Sri Sri Radha-Madhava and Lord Caitanya. On the central altar is Gaura Narayana with His two wives, Lakshmipriya on His right and Vishnupriva on His left. You can also see a small blackish Deity approximately eight inches high on this altar. This is Adhoksaja Vishnu was discovered in 1934 by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati during the excavation for the temple. The Adhoksaja Vishnu deity worshiped by Jagannatha Mishra, Lord Caitanya's father. This Deity shows Lord Vishnu with His four arms holding the disc, club, lotus, and conchshell along with His saktis Bhu Devi and Lakshmi Devi on each side. You may have to ask to see this Deity. The right altar has Panchatattva and Lord Jagannatha.
3. A few steps to the right of the main altar are the neem tree where Lord Caitanya appeared. It is said that this tree comes directly from a cutting of the original tree. Next to the tree is a small mud hut with deities of Jagannatha Mishra and Sachimata holding young Nimai on her lap. This is a reconstruction of Jagannatha Mishra's house that Nimai grew up in.
4. Ten meters (30 feet) south from the appearance place (directly behind the mud hut) is a Small temple with two Shiva Lingas. The smaller one on the left is Gopishvara Shiva who admits one to the Lord's service. The larger one on the right is Ksetrapala Siva who is the protector of the Dhama. It is recommended that the devotees pray to these Deities at the beginning of their Parikrama (or of their stay in Mayapur) that the Dhama and Gaura Prema be revealed within their hearts.
5. Again to the right, at the end of the property, are deities of Gaura-Gadadhara and Laksmi Narshima deva who were installed by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura.
6. Gaura Kunda, on the side of the temple, has been compared in its glories to Radha Kunda and Svarna Kunda in Vrindavana. Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura excavated it in 1920.
"I worship the golden-hued Sri Caitanya, whose beautiful hair is bound with a string of glistening pearls. His moonlike face bears a gentle sweet smile, and His powerful body, anointed with aguru and candana, is covered with beautiful cloth. Ornaments adorn His limbs, and a fragrant, transcendental garland hangs from His lion-like neck. Tasting the nectar of bhakti-rasa, Gauranga is absorbed in dancing ecstatically. He is more brilliant than Cupid, and is always being served by His devotees.”
The Birthplace of Sankirtana
Lord Caitanya danced in the bliss of kirtana with His eternal associates at Sri Vasa Angan, The Rasa Sthali of Navadvipa, in the same way that Krishna danced with the Gopis in the groves of Vraja, The Rasa Sthali of Vrindavana. Srivasa Angan is where Krishna and Radharani, in their combined form of Lord Caitanya, re-enact their Rasa Lila as the Sankirtana Lila, the congregational chanting of the holy name. Although these two Lilas are nondifferent, it is through His sankirtana-lila that Krishna freely and openly bestows upon everyone and anyone the same Krishna Prema He enjoys with the Gopis in His Rasa Lila.
This place is also known as Khola Bhanga Danga, the place where Chand Kazi's men broke a mridanga. At Srivasa Angana, Gauranga and His associates started the Sankirtana movement. Mahaprabhu and Nityananda Prabhu would dance in ecstasy here.
Every Night for one year Lord Caitanya and His associates would perform ecstatic Sankirtana behind closed door.
Identity of Srivasa Pandita
In the Panchtattva, Srivasa Pandita represents the pure devotees of the Lord. He is an incarnation of Narada Muni and Narada Muni is a Saktiavesa incarnation of Krishna as a pure devotee. Although appearing and growing up in Sri Hatta, West Bengal, Srivasa Pandita later moved to Navadvipa with his four elder brothers so they could associate with all the Vaisnavas here. They would regularly meet with Advaita Acarya to hear Srimad Bhagavatam, and also with the devotees to sing bhajanas glorifying the Lord. Srivasa Pandita and his wife, Malini, were contemporaries and very close friends of Jagannatha Mishra and Sachimata.
They were present at Lord Caitanya's birth and Malini helped Sachimata in bringing up Nimai. Nimai, on His part, saw Srivasa Pandita and Malini as His parents. Srivasa's house was the center of Caitanya Mahaprabhu's Sankirtan pastimes until He left Mayapura to take sannyasa.
Practical Guide to Srivasa Angan
Darsana times: 8.30 am to 11 am and 3.30 pm to 8.30 pm.
Directions: It is 250 meters from Yoga Pitha, or is one and a half kilometers from ISKCON, going up Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Marga. It is on the right side of the road and has an ornate main gate.
Presiding Deities: The main temple is on the right as you enter the main gate. It stands where Srivasa Pandita's house was located.
1. On the left altar are Sri Sri Radha Krishna and Lord Caitanya.
2. The center altar depicts the Maha Prakasa pastime of Caitanya Mahaprabhu where He revealed Himself as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Lord Caitanya is sitting on the throne, Gadadhara Pandita is fanning Him with a chamara, and Lord Nityananda is holding an umbrella over His head. There is also a ten inch Lord Narshima deity on the central altars.
This place is also known as "Khol Banga Danga", the place where the Mirdanga was broken and you can sometimes see a broken Mridanga on the right altar. Srivasa Angan was the center of Lord Caitanya's Sankirtana pastimes, just as Yoga Pitha was the center of Lord Caitanya's childhood and boyhood pastimes.
At Srivasa Angan, Lord Caitanya showed Nityananda Prabhu His six armed form holding a bow and arrow, a flute, a water pot, and a danda.
Sri Advaita Bhavan
Outside the main temple at Srivasa Angana you can see two small temples about 30 meters away, both within the same compound. The one on your left is Sri Advaita Bhavan.
The small temple marks the place where Sri Advaita lived, and houses the deity of Advaita Aharya sitting at feet of Lord Caitanya. At this place he offered prayers imploring the lord to descend. He would sit on the bank of the Ganga, worship Salagrama Silas and beg Krishna to appear.
By his prayers Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu came and inaugurates the Sankirtana mission. Advaita Acarya lived in Santipur, but kept this bhavan for his Mayapur visits. He is a member of the Panchatattva and had a leading role in Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu's pastimes. The pastimes between Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Advaita Acharya are most blissful, being permeated with the joy of Advaita Acarya’s effervescent personality.
The pain in Harts of Vaisnavas
Prior to Lord Caitanya's appearance, all the devotees used to regularly gather here to listen to Advaita Acharya speak on Bhagavad Gita and Srimad Bhagavatam and to perform kirtana. His recitations, sweetened by his explanation of bhakti, kept the devotees enrapt in bliss, thus easing their sorrows.
Sometimes however, the devotees poured out their hearts to Advaita Acharya expressing the deep pain they felt. The entire population of Navadvipa was immersed in materialistic activities, taking them as the goal of life. They were spending huge amounts of money on demigod worship for material benedictions to increase their sensual enjoyments. And though vastly learned in the Vedas, the so-called highly learned Brahmanas remained ignorant of the actual purpose of the scriptures and did not even follow the religious principles they themselves taught. Bewildered by the illusion of material enjoyment, they continually criticized the devotees for their devotional practices and for chanting the names of the Lord. The devotees, pained at heart to see the hopeless condition of the people, wept and prayed to Krishna to please save these fallen souls.
In Advaita Acarya's heart, he also suffered the same acute pains upon seeing everyone devoid of devotional service. He thought, "If my Lord descends, then He can liberate everyone. I can boast of being an incarnation of Mahavishnu only if I can convince the Lord of Vaikuntha, Krishna, to appear in this world. At that time, I shall sing and dance in joy and liberate all the conditioned souls."! Advaita Acharya also remembered a verse from Srimad Bhagavatam that explains how the Lord is eternally indebted to anyone who offers Him Tulasi and Ganga water. Thus, with unswerving resolve, the Acarya worshiped his Salagrama sila with eight Tulasi Manjaris and Ganga water and implored the Lord to appear.
He supplicated the Lord with heart rending prayers and loud cries. He roared as loud as thunder begging the Lord to come by saying, "My Lord, the people need to understand that You are All good, All loving and All merciful, but they have no room for You in their hearts. Although the sufferings of my fellow man deeply afflict my heart, I too am a great sinner and so I cannot help them. 0 Lord, You must descend Yourself and teach them how to attain You. Only by this means will they learn to love You and thus end 'all their miseries." Being irresistibly attracted to these prayers of Advaita Acharya which were saturated with his love for those suffering the pangs of material life, the Lord immediately descended as Nimai, the son of Jagannatha Mishra and Sachimata.
Practical Guide to Advaita Bhavan
Darshana Time: 8.30-11.00 a.m. and 3.30-8.30p.m.
Directions: You can see this temple from the courtyard of Srivasa Angan, thirty meter to the north.
Presiding Deities: Lord Caitanya (standing) and Advaita Acharya (sitting and offering).
"Srimati Radharani, who is the personification of pure love for Lord Sri Kmta and who is the Queen of Vrindavana, appeared as Sri Gadiidhara Posyiua, who is very dear to Lord Caitanya. When Srimati Radhika appeared as Gadadhara Pandita, Lalita follwed Her, entering the body of Gadadhara. "
The small temple to the right of Sri Advaita Bhavan is Sri Gadadhara Angana. This temple houses the deities of Caitanya Mahaprabhu and Gadadhara Pandita. Gadadhara was an incarnation of Srimati Radharani and a friend of Nimai since childhood. Sri Gadadhara Angana is about 10 meters east of Advaita Bhavan, in the same compound as Srivasa Angana.
Gadadhara Pandita has also been described as an incarnation of Srimati Radharani's Dyuti (effulgence). His father was Madhava Mishra and he grew up here along with his younger brother, Vaninatha. As young boys, Lord Caitanya and Gadadhara Pandita were inseparable but, in direct contrast to Lord Caitanya, Gadadhara Pandita was quiet and sober. Gadadhara Pandira's heart was deeply entrenched in Krishna Prema. He was always absorbed in thoughts of Krishna and always speaking Krishna Katha in the association of the devotee. He was renounced and gentle in his behavior and was dearly by everyone.
Srila Bhakti Siddhanta Sarasvati Thakura established Sri Caitanya Matha in 1918. He called this place Vrindavana Pattan, which means the place where the forest of Vrindavana is manifest. By his spiritual potency, Shyama Kunda, Radha-kunda and Girigovardhana of Vrindavana are all manifesting here. Established by Sarasvati Thakura in 1918, this temple was the headquarters of his preaching throughout India. During its peak time, there were 800 devotees here to cope with the daily influx of visitors.
This is place where the house of Chandrasekhara Acharya was located. His wife, Malati, was the younger sister of Srimati Sachidevi. They had no children of their own. When Jagannath Mishra, the father of Lord Caitanya, left this world, Chandrasekhara Acharya acted as the Lord's father. He accepted Lord Caitanya as his son and took full responsibility for Sachi Mata.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu would perform kirtana at this place. He also performed dramas with Advaita Prabhu, Srivasa, and other devotees in the house of Chandrasekhara Acharya. Nityananda played Paurnamasi, Srivasa Pandita played Narada Muni, Advaita Acharya acted as Sadashiva, Haridasa Thakura took the role of a guard from Vaikuntha, and Gadadhara Pandita played Laksmi Devi.
Practical guide to Caitanya Matha
Darshana Time: 6.00-12.00 a.m. and 4.00-8.00 p.m.
Directions: Going down Bhaktisiddhanta Road, it is half a kilometer from Srivasa Angana, or two kilometers from ISKCON. The first gate you approach enters from the side of Bhaktisiddhanta SarasvatI Thakura's samadhi. The second gate, a little further down the road, is the entrance for the main temple. To see everything without having to retrace your steps, it is best to enter at the first gate and have your rickshaw pick you up at the second gate.
Presiding Deities: If you enter the main gate (the second gate when coming from the ISKCON temple) you will see the main temple dedicated to Sri Sri Gandharvika Giridhari approximately 25 meters (75 feet) ahead. On the altar to the right of Gandharvika Giridhari are two deities of Lord Caitanya with Their right arms raised. When you walk around the deity chamber you will see four altars, one for each of the Vaishnava Acharya: Sri Madhvacharya, Sri Vishnu Swami, Sri Nimbarkacharya and Sri Ramanujacharya.
There is a Govardhana Hill in the compound. Next to it is Radha kunda. This pond is non-different from Radha-kunda in Vrindavana.
Next to the Gandharvika Giridhari temple is Srila Goura Kishora Dasa Babaji's samadhi temple. He is the spiritual master of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura and left this world on November 19, 1915 in Koladvipa. Previously his samadhi was on the western bank of the Ganga in Kuliyagrama at the place called Mutanchada in the present city of Navadvipa. In 1932, sixteen years after he attained samadhi, the Ganga rose to within a few feet of his samadhi. At this time Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura had his disciples move the samadhi by boat to this place.
Inside the campus of Sri Caitanya Matha is the residence of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura, a two storey building where you can see different items used by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Prabhupada.
If you enter Sri Caitanya Matha from the first gate coming from Yoga Pitha, you will see the samadhi of Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura. It stands on the right side of the path and is facing Shyama Kunda.
Vrddha Shiva or Shiva Doba
Directions: Turn right outside the ISKCON main gate and proceed down Bhaktisiddhanta Road. Just after the first turn in the road there is a small bridge and just after that is a path on the left side of the road where you will see some houses. This is the area of Vrddha Shiva Ghata.
It is believed that a Shiva Linga was found in this area, which is now worshiped behind the birth site of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu. This Shiva Linga is called Vrddha Shiva, or Ksetra Pala, the protector (guardian) of the holy dhama. One should worship the merciful Lord Shiva to obtain the blessing of devotional service to the Supreme Lord Krishna. During the time of Lord Caitanya, a temple of Vrddha Siva existed at this place but was later covered by the Ganga. This is where the Praudha Maya energy (yoga-maya) eternally resides. There are two Siva Lingas at this small temple inside the Yoga Pitha campus. One of the Lingas was found near the culvert at Mayapur Polyclinic. That place is now known as Shiva Doba or Vrddha Shiva.
Directions: Six meters north of Vrddha Siva Ghata is a dried up riverbed that indicates where Ganga used to flow.
In Chilhood Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu as Nimai would bath here every day, sometimes spending six to eight hours playing in Ganga's waters and performing many wonderful pastimes with His Friends. This is also where Ganga Devi performed austerities having desire that Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu perform His Pastimes in her waters, just as He did in Jamuna water in Vrindavana.
Jagai and Madhai Ghata
Direction: Thirty meter north of Mahaprabhu Ghata.
"Just see the difference between Vraja-tattva and Navadvipa-tattva. The offenders of Krishna get the liberation of merging in the Lord's body, where as in Navadvipa, the offenders receive the rare treasure of love of Godhead. Gaura-lila therefore may be considered the highest of all."
Jagai and Madhai were born into a high class brahmana family in Navadvipa. Their names were Jagannatha and Madhavananda Raya, the sons of Raghunatha Raya. Due to bad association they became meat eaters, drunkards, debauchees, gamblers, and murderers. Because they caused so many disturbances, respectable people avoided them completely.
When Lord Caitanya inaugurated the Sankirtan movement He told Nityananda Prabhu and Haridasa Thakura “Listen Nityananda and Haridasa, travel everywhere and tell people about My teachings. Go to every house and beg everyone this -
balo Krishna, bhaja Krishna, laha krishna nama
krishna mata, krishna pita, krishna prana dhana
toma soba lagiya krishnera avatara,
hena krishna bhajo, saba chado anacara
'Chant Krishna's name, worship Krishna and accept Krishna's holy name from others. Krishna is your mother, Krishna is your father and Krishna is the treasure of your life breath. Krishna has incarnated just for your benefit, so please worship this merciful Krishna and give up all improper activities.' ”
Since Jagai and Madhai were the most fallen, the two preachers Nityananda and Haridasa Thakura decided that they were suitable candidates to receive the Lord's mercy. They approached Jagai and Madhai and asked them to chant the holy names of Krishna. Jagai and Madhai became enraged and chased Nityananda and Haridasa, who had to run for their lives. The next day, Madhai struck Nityananda on the head with a piece of an earthen pot, making Him bleed. When Caitanya Mahaprabhu heard this, He immediately came to the spot, ready to punish both brothers.
But when the all merciful Gauranga saw Jagai's repentant behavior, He immediately embraced him. By seeing the Supreme Personality of Godhead face to face and being embraced by Him, both of the sinful brothers were at once cleansed. Thus they received initiation into the chanting of the Hare Krishna Mahamantra from the Lord and were delivered. This place is approximately 30 meters north of Mahaprabhu Ghata.
adyapiha cihna ache
'madhaira ghata bali'
sarva loke gaya
"By the mercy of Lord Caitanya, the ruins of that place still exist, which everyone refers to as Madhai-ghata."
After deliverance Madhai met with Nityananda Prabhu in a solitary place and said,
“Oh my Lord! You are present within the heart of each and every living entity. I have harmed many such living entities. If I have harmed then I could beg forgiveness from them, but I do not know as there have been so many. Please tell me how all those people, against whom I have committed so many offenses, might become pleased with me. If you are merciful upon me then kindly, advise me what to do.”
Lord Nityananda replied, "Please listen, I will instruct you. Regularly go and clean the bathing ghata on the Ganga. When the people take bath there happily then all of them will bless you. If you serve Ganga-Devi who eradicates all offenses then what more good fortune is there for you than doing this service? You should also offer obeisance to everyone with great humility. If you do this then all will forgive you for your offenses." After receiving this advice Madhai circumambulated Lord Nityananda many times and then left. Everyone saw how Madhai was preparing the bathing ghata on the Ganga very nicely while chanting the holy name of Sri Krishna and shedding tears.
Madhai would show much respect to anyone who came to the Ganga and offer them his humble obeisance. He would beg for forgiveness saying, "I have committed many offenses, knowingly and unknowingly unto you. Kindly excuse me for all my offenses and bless me."
Everyone would cry when they saw the tears of Madhai and would remember Lord Govinda. Madhai began performing severe austerities there and became famous as a Brahamachari. He stayed on the bank of the Ganga absorbed in her darsana and with the help of a kodala (spade) he worked hard repairing the ghata. By the mercy of Lord Caitanya the ruins of that place are still visible and known by all as Madhai Ghata.
Directions: Ten meters north of Jagai and Madhai Ghata.
Visvambhara taught His students here on the bank of Ganga. It was a most beautiful Ghata with many gardens, flowering creepers, and birds chirping, creating a peaceful and transcendental atmosphere. It was built by Visvakarma, the architect of the demigods, on the order of Krishna. There were five temples and five Shiva Lingas here during Lord Caitanya's time. At this place Lord Caitanya defeated Keshava Kasmiri.
Directions: Ten meter (thirty meet) north of Barakrona Ghata.
Lord Caitanya came here with His huge sankirtana party on His way to defeat Chand Kazi. He would also bathe here on His way home from the school of Gangadasa Pandita, under whom He studied for two years. Nimai had many mischievous pastimes here while growing up. When He saw the young girls of Navadvipa worshiping Devi to get good husbands, He told them to worship Him instead if they wanted a rich and handsome husband. If they did not worship Him, they would get a poor and lame husband and would be co-wives. Some of the girls became angry with Visvambhara while others quickly offered Him everything in fear that His words would come true. This ghata is also where Sachimata saw Laksmipriya for the first time and selected her as the future wife of her son.
Here Nimai would sometimes splash water on the brahmanas while they were chanting their mantras. The brahmanas would complain to Jagannatha Mishra. Jagannatha Mishra would then come to the ghata with a stick in his hand to chastise Nimai, who would rush home by another route and smear dust and drops of ink on His body. His hair would be dried by the hot sun on the way home, making it appear that He had not been at the ghata and that He had, in fact, been studying. Jagannatha Mishra, on his return, would see no visible proof of his son's naughtiness and would not chastise Him. Like this Naughty Nimai did many mischievous pastimes here.
Directions: It is said this place is located in the open field next to the Sridhama Mayapur Post Office which is on the corner just past Yoga Pttha. While this is the location accepted as being the place, it is also said this ghata is presently covered by Ganga. In the map dated 1500, it is shown as the last ghata and marks the border of Antardvipa with Mayapur.
Ganganagara is the place where King Bhagiratha worshiped Ganga devi and where he remained until Phalguna Purnima to celebrate the appearance day of Lord Gauranga. The city of Ganganagara was established by King Bhagiratha of the Raghu dynasty.
King Bhagiratha of the Raghu dynasty was taking Ganga Devi to his ancestors for her sacred waters to purify them of their offense to Lord Kapiladeva. Ganga Devi however stopped when he reached here. The king returned to find Ganga Mata performing austerities here and he also did the same. After a short time, she appeared to the king and asked him to wait by saying,"
"My dear son, you should wait here without anxiety for some days. I have come to Navadvipa Dhama during the month of Magha (January-February) and I will stay here until the end of the Phalguna month (February-March). At that time I will proceed and deliver your forefathers. Bhagiratha! I am coming from the lotus feet of the Lord. This Navadvipa Dhama is the abode of my Lord and I feel much satisfaction here. The appearance of my Lord is on Phalguna Purnima day. On that day I will follow a vrata here, and then only will I follow you. Do not fear."
Lord Nityananda, in the Sri Navadvipa Dhama Mahatmya, says, "On the Phalguna Purnima," one who fasts, takes bath in the Ganges here, and worships Gauranga, will cross over the material ocean along with his ancestors. Along with one thousand ancestors, he attains Goloka after death no matter where he dies."
This place is located at the end of the village called Bharui Danga. A tomb has been constructed there by the Bhaktivedanta Swami Charity Trust (BYSCT). Bharadvaja Muni was sitting on a raised Tila (hillock) performing his Gaura Bhajana, therefore this place is called Bharadvaja Tila. Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura wrote in his Navadvipa Bhava Taranga: "There (in Ganganagara), one can see the lovely hill known as Bharadvaja Tila, the great sage Bharadvaja worshiped Lord Gaurahari. The sage ultimately attained ecstatic love for Lord Caitanya and then wrote scriptural verses that bestowed the gift of devotional service unto many materialistic people."
Murari Gupta’s House
"Murari Gupta, the twenty-first branch of the tree of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, was a storehouse of love of Godhead. His great humility and meekness melted the heart of Lord Caitanya."
Hometown of jagannatha Mishra and Srivasa Pandita, but became a resident of Mayapur when he was a young boy. He was only a few years older than Lord Caitanya and a close neighbor so they shared many experiences while growing up. Born into a lineage of Ayurvedic doctors, Murari Gupta followed that profession, but because of his elevated spiritual potencies, he also cured the spiritual diseases of his patients along with their physical ailments. Murari Gupta also wrote the first biography on Gauranga Mahaprabhu named Sri Caitanya Charita.
Practical guide to Murari Gupta's House
Darsana times: 3pm to 8pm. Devakinandana dasa maintains this temple, the pujari, and property on his own, so he has given the above times for darsana. It may be possible to get darsana at other times. If the gate is locked, try calling out.
Direction: Take the second road on the right past the Sridhama Mayapur Post Office. Proceed down this road going through the local village. After approximately five minutes (by rickshaw) you will come to end of the village and see cultivated fields on the left and a wall and Iron Gate on the right. This is the place.
Presiding Deities: In the picture you can see the original Deities that were worshiped by Murari Gupta. These Deities have unfortunately become unworshipable and are being kept elsewhere. Currently in the small temple are the replacement deities of Sita, Rama, Laksmana and Hanuman, installed by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Prabhupada. There is also a black deity of Lord Narayana, which was found when the temple was excavated. This Deity dates back to Satya Yuga (three million year ago) and is therefore said to have also been worshiped by Murari Gupta. This deity has now moved to the Caitanya Matha and is being worshiped there.
One day after hearing the pastimes of His incarnation as Varahadeva, Lord Caitanya became overwhelmed in ecstasy and ran to Murari Gupta's house. Murari was overjoyed to see Caitanya Mahaprabhu. While he was paying his obeisances, Lord Caitanya quickly ran past him shouting "boar! boar!" Murari was very perplexed and anxiously looked around but could not see any boars. Meanwhile Gauracandra ran into the temple-room and seeing a beautiful water-pot, lifted it up and, manifesting Himself in the form of Varahadeva, used the water-pot to represent the earth planet.
"Praise Me!" ordered Caitanya Mahaprabhu, but Murari was completely dumbfounded. "You did not know My supreme identity?" asked the Lord. Murari Gupta composed himself and praised Gauracandra by saying only He could understand His own glories.'